3 RootsRoots act like straws absorbing water and minerals from the soil. Tiny root hairs stick out of the root, helping in the absorption. Roots help to anchor the plant in the soil so it does not fall over. Roots also store extra food for future use
4 StemStems do many things. They support the plant. They act like the plant's plumbing system, conducting water and nutrients from the roots and food from the leaves to other plant parts. Stems can be bendable stem of a daisy or woody like the trunk of an oak tree.
5 LeavesMost plants' food is made in their leaves. Leaves are designed to capture sunlight which the plant uses to make food through a process called photosynthesis.
6 FlowersFlowers are the reproductive part of most plants. Flowers contain pollen and tiny eggs called ovules. After pollination of the flower and fertilization of the ovule, the ovule develops into a fruit.
7 Fruit and seedsFruitFruit provides a covering for seeds. Fruit can be fleshy like an apple or hard like a nut.SeedsSeeds contain new plants. Seeds form in fruit.
8 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j4AkT5WDSXg TYPES OF PLANTS Trees- tallest plantShrubs- smaller than a tree and looks similar to a bush. With many branches and leavesGrass-has long narrow leaves. Some grass grows really tall (i.e. wheat) and some grass grows short (grass on a lawn).
9 Other types of plants Fern- plants that look like feathers Bush- small plant with lots of branches and leavesMoss- plants that grow in wet areas (tree trunks/ rocks
10 http://www. youtube. com/watch Flower ,stems, leaves and ,roots (Song
13 The 4 things that plants need! Video first1. soil2. water3, sunlight4. air
14 Why is water, air, light and soil important to plants Water- Plants need water. Water is essential to all life on earth. No known organism can exist without water. Plants use water to carry moisture and nutrients from the roots to he leaves and food from the leaves back down to the roots.Air- Plants most also have clean air. Green plants take in carbon dioxide from air and use it during photosynthesis to make food. Dirty, smoggy air blocks sunlight that plants must haveLight- Plants need sunlight in order to grow properly. They use light energy to change the materials - carbon dioxide and water into food substances (sugars). This process of food productions is called photosynthesis. Only in light can a green plant make foodSoil- Plants need soil. Water and minerals are taken from the soil through roots. Soil also provides support for the plant and an anchor for the roots to grow in. Decaying plants and animals leave behind minerals in the soil that are essential for future plant growth.
15 Using the Scientific Method Plant in a Bag Can a plant grow wit out soil?Use Scientific methodRefer to scientific methods video to get the students excited1.Make an observation2.Question3.Form a hypothesis4.Make a prediction5.Do a test6.Analyze the data7.Draw a conclusion
18 Hook :The plant danceStart with root (students will squat down and wiggle fingers to represent a root)Then stem (students will wiggle their bodies until they are standing up straight like a stick with their hands out.Then leaves (students will sway their hands up and down to represent leaves of a plant)Lastly flower( students will put their hands under their chin and rock side to side to represent a beautiful blossoming flower)
19 The roles of the plant’s parts Roots: hold a plant in soil and take in water. Some roots are as thin as hairs, while others are very thick. (name plants that might have thick/ thin roots)Stem- is like a straw. Water and other nutrients the plant needs travel up the stem to the leaves. (Challenge children to name plants that have thick and thin stems.)Leaves: write the words leaf and leaves on the board and pronounce each. Which word talks about one? Which one means more than one?
20 The life cycle of a Plant Teacher: *Remember to include sequence while teaching the life cycle(Lifecycle explains how plants grow and change fromA seed to an adult that makes new seeds before it dies.)Seed- is the plant part from which a new plant grows. Seeds come in many shapes, sizes and colors. (ask students to describe the seed in PPT)Sprout- when seeds break apart and begin to grow, we say they sprout. A tiny seedling is sometimes called a sproutSeedling- a young(baby) plant is called a seedlingAdultSEEDSeedling
21 Act it Out! Seed- students will ball up like a seed Sprout- students will raise up and pretend to open upSeedling- will be small plantAdult plant- students will have arms open with leaves fluttering representing an adult plant
25 In this picture How is the plant helping the bird to survive In this picture How is the plant helping the bird to survive? How is the bird helping the plant to survive?TPS
26 Plants and animals depend on each other? Plants and animals are both living things that depend on each other.
27 How do animals help plants? Plants need animals for the process of seed dispersion to take place. Plant seeds are dispersed by animals once they fed on seeds and drop these seeds in a different location. Seeds also sometimes attach themselves to the body of animals
28 How do plants help animals? 3 ways plants help animals survive 1. Plants provide shelter for certain animals. 2. Plants produce food for animals to eat and live off of. 3. Plants give off air for both people and animals, and other living things.
29 Herbivores & Carnivores both depend on plants Herbivores- animals that eat plantsCarnivores-animals that eat meet (other animals)