Presentation on theme: "How to Teach Pronunciation"— Presentation transcript:
1 How to Teach Pronunciation Ideas for Improving Students’ Pronunciation
2 Imitation of teacher or recorded model of sounds, words and sentences Recording of student speech, contrasted with native modelSystematic explanation and instruction (including details of the structure and movement of parts of the mouth)Imitation drills: repititon of sounds, words and sentences
3 Choral repetition of drills Varied repetition of drills (varied speed, volume, mood)Learning and performing dialogues as with drills, using choral work, and varied speed, volume, mood)Learning by heart of sentences, rhymes, jingles
4 ChantsTongue twistersSelf-correction through listening to recording of own speech(Cambridge University Press 1995)
6 IntroductionVocabulary is one of the fundamentals of English. Students need to be prepared with a wide and vivid vocabulary to compete in the world's marketplace. The challenge of teaching vocabulary is creating lesson plans that are both effective and entertaining.
7 Instructions:Choose a list of words to focus on that's an integral part of the students' existing curriculum. Include words that students find in their everyday lives. Provide vocabulary words that are age appropriate.
8 Motivate students by creating rewards, games, puzzles and other fun activities. Mix a variety of activities centered on vocabulary to reach a broader range of students.
9 Model proper use of vocabulary words Model proper use of vocabulary words. Use language creatively and with gusto. Have fun with your own vocabulary and students will want to have fun with theirs.
10 Create a word wall where students write new and interesting vocabulary words. Refer to the wall often during class so students become familiar with it and its purpose.
11 Quiz and test the students on their vocabulary words Quiz and test the students on their vocabulary words. Disguise the purpose, learning vocabulary, of the quiz. Explain that quizzes and tests only help the teacher know how well the students have been taught.
12 Revisit old vocabulary words often Revisit old vocabulary words often. Bring them up casually in class and on quizzes. Tell students that learning does not end after the test. It is important for them to recall vocabulary words.
13 How to Teach Vocabulary to ESL Students For ESL students, vocabulary is the most important element leading to reading comprehension. Without extensive vocabulary teaching and practice, ESL learners will not be able to reach the required proficiency standard of reading. This article will look at some tactics for incorporating more vocabulary teaching basics.
14 Instructions:Decide which vocabulary items you wish to teach for the first time. There should be no more than 10 of these items, and ideally they should be pulled from a reading comprehension text that students will read.
15 Prepare interesting pre-reading activities using vocabulary Prepare interesting pre-reading activities using vocabulary. Provide many new opportunities for students to encounter the word. This can be done by showing the word using a picture or a flashcard.
16 Provide opportunities for students to recognize the word in a variety of contexts using sentences, describing pictures and playing games. A good elementary level games is "I spy," where you describe a word and students have to guess the word. This game can be played in groups, individually or with the entire class. When planning recognition type activities, include a variety of activities that will engage the students and stimulate them cognitively. Activities need not be too challenging and should motivate and interest them to learn the language.
17 Progress from recognition style activities to production-based activities, which require students to do something else with the word other than simply recognize its meaning. Spelling bees and short creative writing assignments where students brainstorm around a targeted vocabulary word from a list are a few such activities.
18 Prepare assessments that combine both recognition and production-based tasks.
19 Circle around a variety of learning styles Circle around a variety of learning styles. For your audio type learners, use more dictation practice activities, while your visual learners could benefit from more picture use, especially when learning the word for the first time.
20 How to Teach the Meaning by using an English dictionary.you should write them on the board for the learners.you should make students repeat the pronunciation of each word.you should give examples using the new words to make them guess the meaninggive them the right meaning in a simple words in the same language