2 To improve communications and create a uniform system of time, a Canadian named Sir Sanford Fleming came up with the idea that the world needed to be divided into time zones.The world was divided into time zones in 1884.This way, it is always one of the hours of the day somewhere in the world.
3 SIR SANDFORD FLEMING What didn’t he do? He designed Canada’s first postage stamp – the Three penny beaverHe designed 3 railways and personally drove the “last spike” in the CPR RailroadHe created STANDARD TIME ZONES!
4 Where did Sir Fleming make this discovery? In Greenwich, England, of course (East London)
6 Greenwich Mean Time – The Reference Point for all Time Zones
7 LONGITUDE AND TIMEThe world rotates (spins) counter clockwise 360° in 24 hours.360° / 24 hours = 15° per hourThe world has 24 time zones, each l5° apart.THERE IS A 1 HOUR TIME DIFFERENCE FOR EVERY 15° OF LONGITUDE
11 Canada has 6 time zonesMany of Canada’s time zones are drawn along provincial or territorial boundaries, but there are some exceptions.Generally speaking, a time zone is approximately 15º of longitude from its easternmost to its westernmost boundary.360º (the earth) divided by 24 hours (or time zones) = 15 º for each time zone.
12 Going West: SUBTRACT Time! THE TIMEZONE RULEGoing East : ADD Time!Going West: SUBTRACT Time!Generally 1 hour per time zone.
13 Time is forward to all places to the east WEST LESS A CHEESY SAYINGEAST INCREASETime is forward to all places to the eastWEST LESSTime is backward to all places to the west
14 Time ZonesCanada uses six primary time zones. From east to west they are:Newfoundland Standard Time (1/2 hr)Atlantic Standard TimeEastern Standard TimeCentral Standard TimeMountain Standard TimePacific Standard TimeTockTick
15 THE EXCEPTION!Every time zone in Canada is separated by one hour, EXCEPT for Newfoundland.They are separated by half an hour, or 30 minutes.
16 If it is 5:00 pm in St. John’s, what time is it in Toronto? Toronto is West of St. John’s.2 time zones west, so we need to subtract time.From Newfoundland to Atlantic time zone is 30 min difference (4:30)From Atlantic to Eastern is 1 hourTherefore, the time is 3:30 pm?5:00 pm
17 If it is 8:00 pm in Toronto, what time is it in Edmonton? Edmonton is WEST of Toronto. According to the time zone map, it is 2 time zones west.(Remember, west = subtract time)(1 hour/time zone)Therefore, the local time in Edmonton is 6:00pm8:00 pm?
18 If it is 9:00AM in Mississauga, what time is it in Vancouver, B.C.?
21 Earth rotates west to east Solar time is based on the position of the sun NIGHT IS FALLING ON EARTH Look at the East Coast of the United States. The lights are already lit.California the sun is still visible.
23 It’s still daylight in California SaguenaySept-IlesThunder BayTorontoSt.JohnOttawaIt’s still daylight in CaliforniaQuébecMontréalThose light are Boston, New York, Philadelphia and Washington.DetroitDallasPuerto RicoHoustonMiamiMexico CityHavanaPort-au-Prince
24 NIGHT IS FALLING ON EARTH. Look at Paris and Barcelona, the lights are already lit, meanwhile in London, Lisbon and Madrid the sun is still visible.Looking south, we can see the islands in the middle of the ocean.We have a great view of the British Islands, Iceland and Greenland.
26 AssignmentImagine you are the road manager for your favorite band (or sports team).Your job is to:Write a paragraph giving information about your band (or team)Create a cross country tour making at least 8 stops (in all 6 time zones in Canada)Use a chart to show both local time and Mountain Standard Times for the shows/games.8 cities visited (8 marks), time zones correct (8 marks), paragraph (4 marks), creativity (4 marks) (24 Marks total)
27 -- sample -- City Local Time M.S.T Vancouver 10:00 pm PST 12:00 am Calgary8:00 pm MST8:00 pmWinnipegTorontoHalifax-- sample --