Presentation on theme: "Childhood Cancer Gabby Kulikowski & Kellie Campbell."— Presentation transcript:
Childhood Cancer Gabby Kulikowski & Kellie Campbell
What is Cancer? All types of cancer start because of out-of-control growth of abnormal cells. Instead of dying, cancer cells continue to grow and form new, abnormal cells. Cancer cells can also invade other tissues. Growing out of control and invading other tissues are what makes a cell a cancer cell. In most cases the cancer cells form a tumor. Some cancers, like leukemia, rarely form tumors.
How is Childhood Cancer Different from Adult Cancer? Development Childhood cancers are often the result of DNA changes in cells that take place very early in life, sometimes even before birth. Cancers in adults are strongly linked to lifestyle or environmental risk factors. Treatment Children’s bodies can handle chemotherapy better than adults’. HOWEVER Cancer treatments such as chemo and radiation therapy can cause long-term side effects Children who have had cancer will need careful follow-up for the rest of their lives.
Types of Childhood Cancer Leukemia (most common type) Brain and other CNS tumors Neuroblastoma Wilms tumor Lymphoma (including Hodgkin and non-hodgkin) Rhabdomyosarcoma Retinoblastoma Bone cancer
Prevention A few environmental factors, such as radiation exposure, have been linked with some types of childhood cancers. However, most childhood cancers have not shown to have outside causes. Childhood cancer is difficult to prevent because most cases are a result of inherited DNA.
Improvements In recent years, scientists have made great progress in understanding how certain changes in our DNA can cause cells to become cancerous. There have been major advances in treatment in recent decades, resulting in a greater survival rate.
Statistics Cancer is the second leading cause of death in children (after accidents). Childhood cancer rates have been rising slightly for the past few decades. About 11,630 children in the United States under the age of 15 will be diagnosed with cancer in 2013 About 1,310 children younger than 15 years old are expected to die from cancer in 2013.
Statistics More than 80% of children with cancer now survive 5 years or more. Whereas the 5-year survival rate in the mid-1970s was less than 60%. Childhood cancers are rare, making up less than 1% of all cancers diagnosed each year
Treatment Treatments are chosen for childhood cancers based mainly on the type and stage of the cancer. Treatment options might include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and/or other types of treatment. There are exceptions, but childhood cancers usually respond well to chemotherapy because they tend to be cancers that grow fast.
The Treatment Team Pediatric oncologists Doctors who specialize in using medicines to treat children with cancer Pediatric surgeons Doctors who specialize in performing surgery in children Radiation oncologists Doctors who specialize in using radiation to treat cancer Pediatric oncology nurses Nurses who specialize in caring for children with cancer Nurse practitioners and physician assistants Nurses and other professionals who are specially trained and licensed to practice medicine alongside doctors
The Treatment Team cont. The centers where children are treated for cancer also include: Psychologists Social workers Child life specialists Nutritionists Rehabilitation and physical therapists Educators who can support and educate the entire family
Childhood Cancer Awareness http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1FRC94_25kA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1FRC94_25kA