Presentation on theme: "The Medical System. The Health Care System This includes all available medical services, the ways in which individuals pay for medical care, and aimed."— Presentation transcript:
The Health Care System This includes all available medical services, the ways in which individuals pay for medical care, and aimed at preventing disease and disability. What things can you think of that might fall into this category?
EMS: Emergency Medical Technician EMTs are usually the first on the scene of an accident and are crucial in the chain of saving lives. EMTs must be CPR and AED certified, at least 16 years of age, have a high school degree, and complete the EMT training course for their township or city. Why are EMTs important in the medical system?
Primary Care Physician Routine medical needs Specialized in: family practice, internal medicine, or pediatrics. Need to be licensed by the state before they can diagnose, provide treatment, and write prescriptions.
Medical Specialists A doctor who received additional training in a particular branch of medicine. Neurologists, dermatologists, oncologists, allergists, pediatricians, orthopedic surgeons, ophthalmologists
Nurses Licensed health care providers who work in collaboration with doctors. Registered Nurse (RN)- observe and assess patient symptoms, plan the best approach to recovery, and evaluate progress Registered nurse practitioners- Perform many tasks that only doctors used to perform. Take medical histories, perform physical exams, order tests, treat routine medical problems, and prescribe medicine.
Other Health Care Providers Physicians assistant- Work under the supervision of a doctor and performs routine tasks. Physical Therapists- Rehabilitate people from injury. It is hands on and physical with little medicine. Registered dietitians- Sets up and supervises food services for large institutions. Also can provide individualized nutrition counseling.
Health Care Facilities Doctor Offices- Most frequently used facility. Routine examinations and tests are preformed to diagnose and treat minor illnesses and injuries. Minor surgery such as removal of a wart can also be done. Clinics- When medical tests or procedures cannot be performed at a doctor’s office the person may have to go to an outpatient clinic. The price of a clinic is much less then a hospital stay. EX: Cataract surgery
Secondary Health Care Hospitals- This is where serious illnesses are treated and advanced procedures are done. Most have emergency sections as well. Hospitals can provide over night stay for inpatients. Hospitals can be general hospitals or can be specialized hospitals. Ex: Teaching hospitals, children's hospitals Care provided in specialty hospitals and teaching hospitals is called tertiary care.
Long-Term Care Skilled Nursing Facilities: Recover from serious illness, surgery or injury and require basic needs Assisted Living Facilities: For people who can no longer live by themselves, but do not need constant nursing care. Facility helps with preparing meals, housekeeping and medications. Nursing Homes: Tale care of elderly or chronically ill who cannot take care of themselves.
Home-Health Care: A nurse travels to the patients home to help provide care for this person. Hospice: Usually given in the home and is for patients who are terminally ill. The focus is to have a dying patient live as comfortably as possible.