Prevention is better than cure. Prevention is cheaper than cure. Prevention of a disease is greater good in life than its cure.
Periodontal disease can be Gingivitis, Periodontitis. Symptoms : bleeding gum. Swollen red gum. Receding gum. Gums pulling away from teeth. black/ yellow deposits on teeth. Loose or sensitive teeth. Bad breath ( halitosis).
Causes: 1. Poor oral hygiene. 2. Hormonal changes. 3. Certain medications. 4. Poor nutrition. 5. ILL fitting dentures and braces. 6. Smoking. 7. Diabetes. 8. HIV infections.
Prevention and treatments of gum diseases: 1. Good oral hygiene practices. 2. Scaling and root planning. 3. Periodontal surgery. It has been shown that removing plaque once every 48 hours is sufficient to reduce microbial plaque accumulations
Plaque is soft deposit that form the biofilm adhering to the tooth surface. What do we mean by plaque control? Plaque control is the removal of dental/microbial plaque and the prevention of its accumulation on the teeth and adjacent gingival tissues. It also deals with the prevention of calculus formation.
Plaque is the major etiology of periodontal disease, therefore, daily plaque removal is success of ALL PERIODONTAL disease and dental treatment. Position: supra and subgingival plaque control.
1- Mechanical plaque control methods: I. Individuals. II. Professional. 2- chemical plaque control methods: I. Individuals. II. Professional.
Objective: is to complete daily removal of dental plaque with a minimum of effort time devices using the simplest methods possible. These methods include: 1. Tooth brush. 2. Dentifrice. 3. Interdental cleaning aids. 4. Oral irrigation.
It can be manual or power device. 1728 toothbrush made from Horse Hair. 1857 toothbrush painted in America.
1. Tooth brush should be able to reach and efficiency clean most area of tooth surface. 2. No signal toothbrush is adequate for all patient. 3. Proper brush provide easy accessibility to all are of the of the mouth. 4. Small handed brushes are often helpful. 5. Easy for patient to manipulated. 6. Brushes should be compatible with recommended brushing technique. 7. Both natural and nylon bristles are satisfactory. 8. Soft brush is recommended. 9. Should be replaced every 3 months.
Appears in 1939. to make plaque control easier. Its mainly recommended: 1. Individual lacking motor skills. 2. Handicapped patient. 3. Patient with orthodontic appliance. 4. Hospitalization patient. 5. Whoever wants to use.
Patient should be lustrated for proper use. For children : come in different shapes and colors it has soft round head to avoid soft tissue damage. It also play music at 1 min interval for monitoring brushing.
Certain criteria should be assessed when selecting a toothbrush and tooth brush technique for the individual patient: 1- patient clinical situation: I. State of gingival and periodontal tissue in regard to health. II. Anatomic limitations. 2-patient personal situation: I. Patient level of dexterity. II. Motivation level, ability of patient to act on recommended procedure.
1. Patient is instructed to start with molar region of one arch around the opposite side than continue back around the lingual or facial surfaces of the same arch. 2. Last surface to be brush are occlusal. 3. patient instructed to strock each area 10 time of spend 10 seconds per area then move on to next area. 4. Time: 2 minutes ( 30 sec per quardnent)