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Published byRegan Hodgkin Modified over 8 years ago
Oral Health Education Ms Nomhle Plank Oral Health Sub-directorate
LEARNING OUTCOME On completion of this theme, participants will be able to: Offer Oral Health Education to clients Refer clients with oral health diseases to Oral Health facilities
INTRODUCTION The functions of teeth are: 1. Chewing 2. Swallowing 3. Speaking 4. Facial expression 5. Showing one’s emotions
INTRODUCTION Untreated tooth decay leads to: –Infection –Toothache Preventative Dentistry: –Preventing pain, infection, bad breath, bleeding gums –The need to have one’s teeth extracted
WHAT WE SHOULD KNOW ABOUT THE TEETH AND GUMS Activity One- Tooth Structure –Can you name the three parts of the tooth –Describe the three parts of the tooth –Name four types of teeth –Describe the support system of the tooth
PLAGUE Activity Two: Can plague easily be seen on the teeth? How can one stop plague from forming? Is plague hard or soft? What harm does plague do?
CALCULUS Calculus is a hard calcified mass that can only be removed by: –an hygienist, –dentist or –dental therapist With special scaling instruments
DENTAL CARIES/TOOTH DECAY DEFINITION PRIMARY CAUSE – Dental plague SECONDARY CAUSES –Saliva –Teeth –Lactrogenic Factors
NURSING TOOTH DECAY CAUSES: –Plague –Diet –Time –Feeding Pattern –Oral Hygiene
NURSING TOOTH DECAY Symptoms Prevention Importance of primary (milk) teeth
GUM DISEASE (GINGIVITIS AND PERIODONTITIS) Signs and symptoms Advise to be given to the patient Gingivitis Peridontitis
COMMON DENTAL PROBLEMS Mouth ulcers Vitamin deficiencies Problems caused by smoking and tobacco chewing Misuse of medicine
PREVENTION OF ORAL DISEASES (1) Brushing
Choosing the right brush
PREVENTION OF ORAL DISEASES (2) Dental floss / other interdental aids Interdental Brushes
PREVENTION OF ORAL DISEASES (3) Caring for dentures Diet
PREVENTION OF ORAL DISEASES (4) Fluoride Fissure sealant Sealants
PREVENTION OF ORAL DISEASES (5) The dental team –Dentist –Oral hygienists –Dental therapist –Dental assistant –Dental technician
PREVENTION OF ORAL DISEASES (6) Preventative measures against injuries Mouth Guard
TYPES OF DENTAL TREATMENT Examination Fillings Scaling and polishing Extractions Dentures Fillings
TYPES OF DENTAL TREATMENT Fluoride treatments Fissure sealing Orthodontics
THE ORAL HEALTH SERVICES IN THE FREE STATE For more information about oral health in your district contact: –Dr. Reddy 051 447 2777 Xhariep –Dr. Makenete 051 447 2194 Motheo –Dr. vdMerwe 057 352 1453 Lejweleputswa –Dr. De Velliers 058 303 4751 T/Mofutsanyana –Dr. Kriel 056 213 2118 DC 20
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