5 What is a pronoun?A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun.
6 Study these sentences: When Roger saw Wendy,Roger spoke to Wendy.When Roger saw Wendy,he spoke to her.
7 The words he and her are pronouns because they stand for the nouns Roger and Wendy.
8 What are pronouns?Pronouns take the place of nouns. The word or phrase replaced by a pronoun is called an antecedent.
9 A pronoun is a very useful word A pronoun is a very useful word. It helps you write and talk smoothly and easily without losing track of your ideas and without repeating the same words to often.
10 HOW PRONOUNS DIFFER FROM NOUNS: Pronouns change form according to their use in the sentence. Study these pairs of sentences to see how the pronouns differ.
11 NOUNSJerry pruned the tree.Mr. Barns helped Jerry.Mr. Barns is Jerry’s father.The books came yesterday.PRONOUNSHe pruned the tree.Mr. Barns helped him.Mr. Barns is his father.They came yesterday.
12 THE FORMS OF PRONOUNSPronouns have three forms:subject,object,and possessive.Notice how the pronoun she changes as its use changes:She came. (She is the subject.)I saw her. her is the direct object.)It is hers.( hers is the possessive.)It is her book. (her is also the possessive.)
13 The pronouns listed below are called personal pronouns. Here are the forms you should know.
14 Forms of the Personal Pronouns SUBJECT OBJECT POSSESSIVEI,you,she ,he,itme,you,him,her,itMy,mine,your,yours,her,hers,his,itsWe, you theyUs, you themOur,ours,your,yours,their,theirs
15 Personal Pronouns Refer to people or things Include: I, me, my, mine, you, your, yours, he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its, they, them, their, theirs, we, us, our, ours.
16 Substituting Pronouns for Nouns Notice the pronoun chosen for each of the following sentences.The form of each pronoun depends upon the use of the pronoun in the sentence.The girls are here.They arrived early.(subject)The workers left later.Ann saw them.(direct object)Wendy came.Terry showed her the map.(indirect object)The family has moved.Carl has their address.(possessive)
17 PRONOUNS AND ANTECEDENTS The antecedent of a pronoun is the noun or pronoun which it replaces or to which it refers.1.Larry came today and brought his tools.(Larry is the antecedent of his.)2.Debbie and Tom came in. They were laughing.(Debbie and Tom are the antecedents of They.)
18 Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. Can you name some pronouns?theyithethemIwesheherhimus
19 Did you know that a pronoun can take the place of a noun?First you need to find the noun. Then youneed to replace it with a pronoun.Here is an example:The dog ran down the street.It ran down the street.
20 HeLouiswent to school.Ashlee and Nicohad fun.TheyAimee and Ilike to play baseball.WeSheKatelynis an awesome writer.
21 You and I will meet later. Subject PronounsA subject pronoun is used as thesubject of a sentence.She is my best friend.It is my dog.Does he know the answer?You and I will meet later.
22 The teacher gave her a pencil. Object PronounsAn object pronoun is used as thedirect/indirect object or the object of a preposition.Give the book to me.The teacher gave her a pencil.I will tell you a story.Susan read it to them.
23 Possessive PronounA possessive pronoun is a pronoun that shows who or what has something. A possessive pronoun may take the place of a possessive noun.
24 Possessive PronounsPossessive pronouns are not written with apostrophes. The pronoun its, for example, shows possession. The word it’s, on the other hand, is a contraction of it is. Read the following sentences. Notice the meaning of the words in red type.Its central character is Odysseus. (possessive pronoun)It’s about the adventures of Odysseus. (contraction of It is)
25 PERSONAL PRONOUNS:Personal pronouns refer to specific persons or things.Karen ate pizza.She was hungry.The word "she" is a personal pronoun that refers to "Karen."
26 REFLEXIVE PRONOUNSReflexive pronouns are personal pronouns that have "-self" or "-selves" added to the end.Bob finished the homework himself.The reflexive pronoun is "himself."
27 INDEFINITE PRONOUNS:Indefinite pronouns are pronouns that do not refer to a specific person or thing.Someone, anybody, and, everyone are indefinite pronouns.Someone stole my wallet!The word "someone" is the indefinite pronoun.
28 DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUN: A demonstrative pronoun is used to single out one or more nouns referred to in the sentence.This, that, these, and those are demonstrative pronouns.These lemons are sour.The word "these" is a demonstrative pronoun.
29 INTERROGATIVE PRONOUNS Interrogative pronouns are used to ask a question.Who, whom, and which are interrogative pronouns.Which shoes are mine?The word "which" is an interrogative pronoun.