Presentation on theme: "Oil Spills: The Underwater Crisis"— Presentation transcript:
1 Oil Spills: The Underwater Crisis With a BP oil spill and Exxon Valdez oil spill comparisonBy: Steve Kaste
2 Oil Spill FactsOil spills can damage the marine food chain and the local fishing business.The BP oil spill in the Gulf was the largest oil spill in the U.S.Oil floats in water. Oil can sink in freshwater, but that only happens rarely.Oil spills effect sea birds/birds in the nearby area of the oil spill.The 2010 BP oil spill was 17x larger than the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill.
3 These are all causes of oil spills. Oil Spill CausesPeople making mistakes or being careless.Equipment breaking down.Natural disasters such as hurricanes.Deliberate acts by terrorists.Countries at war.Vandals.Illegal dumpers.These are all causes of oil spills.
4 What Happens In An Oil Spill In an oil spill after the oil has been spilled the oil float on top of the water (in rare cases it will sink in fresh water) Then, the oil spreads rapidly across the water to form a thin layer of oil called an oil slick. As it spreads the layer gets thinner and thinner and then, this very thin layer is known as a sheen. The sheen looks like a rainbow.Oil sheen.
5 Oil Spill Cleaning Tools Booms: inflatable barriers to oil (use to prevent oil from spreading).Skimmers: boat that skim spilled oil from the water surfaceSorbents: big sponges used to absorb oil.Chemical Dispersants/Biological Agents: these are used to break down the oil into its chemical constituents.High-pressure/low-pressure hoses to wash off beachesIn-situ burning, a method of burning freshly spilled oil, usually while it’s floating.Oil
6 Oil Spill Cleaning Tools Vacuum trucks: a tool that can vacuum spilled oil on the beach or the water’s surface.Shovels/Road Equipment: these are sometimes used to pick up oil off of beaches or move oiled beach sand or gravel down to where it can be cleaned up by being tumbled around in the waves.
7 Help Clean Up Oil Spills After an oil spill occurs, you and some other local volunteers can go down to the oil spill location, use some of the tools listed in slides 5-6, and help clean up the oil spill. Help make the world a cleaner, safer, and healthier place to live.
8 Marine Biology Food Chain + Oil Spill Effect Local fishing business
9 Oil Spills Effect Birds Oil spills have a major effect on birds. When oil sprays a bird, its wings are disabled. Also, oil covered fish are poisoned, so when birds eat these poisoned fish, the birds die.
10 Help prevent oil spills. Help prevent oil spills. Uncle Sam wants you to. So, if Uncle Sam wants you to, you should probably do it.I want you to help prevent oil spills.
11 Ways to Prevent Oil Spills Minimize the likelihood that faculty oil spills which do occur.Minimize the size and impacts of these faculty oil spills which do occur.Facilitate coordination of local, state regional, tribal, and other prevention and contingency plans.
14 Oil Spill Comparison BP to Exxon Valdez BP oil spillExxon Valdez oil spillThe BP oil spill was caused by an oil well explosion.The key wildlife affected in this oil spill were the Brown Pelican, the reddish egret, the royal turn, the snowy plover, the sperm whale, the Bluefin tuna, and the sea turtle.The Exxon Valdez oil spill was caused by the tanker striking a reef.The key wildlife affected in this oil spill were Salmon, sea otters, seals, and sea birds.
15 Oil Spill Comparison: The Summary BP oil spillExxon Valdez oil spill172 million gallons of oil spilled10 million gallons of oil spilled5000 feet deep underwaterMostly on the surfaceCaused by an oil ell explosionCaused by the tanker striking a reefAffected 7 species of key wildlifeAffected 4 species of key wildlife