2 LatitudeImaginary lines drawn on maps from east to west to locate places north or south of the equator
3 EquatorAn imaginary line that runs horizontally through the center of the Earth, dividing the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
4 LongitudeImaginary lines drawn on maps from north to south to locate places east or west of the prime meridian
5 Prime MeridianAn imaginary line that runs through the center of the Earth vertically dividing the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
6 Map KeyA small chart included on a map that gives descriptions of what symbols are used and what they stand for.
7 ScaleRepresents the distance between two locations on the map. Ex: 1 inch on the map equals 1 mile on the ground
8 Compass RoseA design on a map that shows directions
9 Cardinal DirectionsThe four major compass points of North, South, East, West used to navigate a map
10 Intermediate Directions The in-between compass points of Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest
11 SymbolA picture that is used to represent an object on a map
12 How do we find places on maps? Map SkillsHow do we find places on maps?
13 Latitude Lines run horizontally measured in degrees. The Equator is 0 degrees Latitude.Latitude lines are called parallels.Latitude
14 equatorimaginary belt that runs halfway point between the North Pole and the South Pole.
15 Latitude North Pole South Pole 9080[Lines of North latitude are numbered from 0° to 90° are N.L.706050403020]Lines of South latitude are numbered from 0° -90° are S.L.10102030TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)405060708090
16 Latitude The North Pole is at 90° N The South Pole is at 90° S 40° N is the 40° line of latitude north of the equator.40° S is the 40° line of latitude south of the equator.The equator is at 0° latitude. It is neither north nor south. It is at the center between north and south.TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
17 Major lines of latitude North PoleArctic CircleTropic of CancerEquatorTropic of CapricornAntarctic CircleSouth Pole
18 Longitude Prime Meridian is the main line of longitude Lines of Longitude run vertically.Called MeridiansEast or West of the Prime Meridian.Prime Meridian is found in Greenwich, England and is 0 degrees Longitude.
19 Longitude Lines of longitude begin at the Prime Meridian. 60° E is the 60° line of longitude east of the Prime Meridian.60° W is the60° line oflongitude westof the PrimeMeridian.The Prime Meridian is located at 0°. It is neither east or westWETEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
20 Longitude180°NNorth PoleWEWest LongitudeEast LongitudePRIME MERIDIANSLines of longitude are numbered east from the Prime Meridian to the 180° line and west from the Prime Meridian to the 180° line.TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
21 HemispheresThe Equator splits the earth into the northern and southern hemisphereThe Prime Meridian splits the earth into Eastern and Western hemisphere
26 GLOBE SAYS This game follows the same rules as “Simon Says” Body parts represent the major lines of latitudeTop of head – North PoleEars – Arctic CircleShoulders – Tropic of CancerWaist – EquatorKnees – Tropic of CapricornShins – Antarctic CircleToes – South Pole
27 “How To” Foldable NW NE SW SE Step #1: Highlight the Equator YELLOW and Prime Meridian PINK Step #2: Draw the Compass Rose in the bottom corner * North, South, East, West, Northeast, Southeast, Northwest, Southwest Step #3: Using the lines made by the highlighted equator and Prime Meridian to label the cardinal directions on the globe. Step #4: Label the Hemispheres using the intermediate directions on the inside of the quadrant in the globe.NWNEEWSWSES