Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude"— Presentation transcript:
1 Latitude and Longitude How do we find places on maps?
2 CompassA compass is a tool that helps the user know what direction one is headed.On a map, a compass or a compass rose helps the user locate these directions.
3 Compass RoseThe needle on a compass is magnetized to point to the earth's north magnetic pole. Thus with a compass, a person can roughly tell which direction they are headed.There are four major or cardinal directions on a compass- north, south, east & west.Intermediate directions: northeast, northwest, southeast, southwest.Direction Quiz
4 Directions The cardinal directions are north, south, east, and west. The intermediate directions are northeast, southeast, southwest and northwest.They help describe the location of places in relation to other places.
5 Map Key Maps can be drawn to represent a variety of information. This information might include things such as roads, tourist attractions and campgrounds.The objects on a map are represented using symbols.Understanding these symbolsrequires the use of a key or legendto explain the meaning of each of thesymbols used in the map.
6 Map LegendsThe legend is the key to unlocking the secrets of a map. Objects or colors in the legend represent something on the map.Religions Legend
9 Map ScaleTo represent geographic features on a map, the features must be reduced in size.This reduction is expressed as the map’s scale.Maps are always made “to scale”, meaning that each and every paper map has a map scale. In each case, the scale represents the ratio of a distance on the map to the actual distance on the ground. For example, if 2 cm on a map
10 Map Scale For example, if 2 cm on a map represents 1 km on the ground...the scale would be 2 cm = 1 km
11 Latitude and Longitude The earth is divided into lots of lines called latitude and longitude– Explanation ClipRap Song
12 Lines Longitude lines run north and south. Latitude lines run east and west.The lines measure distances in degrees.LatitudeLongitude
13 Latitude Lines of Latitude run horizontally Lines of Latitude locate places North or South of the Equator.Latitude is measured in degrees.The Equator is 0 degrees Latitude.The North Pole is 90 degrees N Latitude, and the South Pole is 90 degrees S Latitude.
14 Where is 0 degree? Equator The equator is 0 degree latitude. It is an imaginary belt that runs halfway point between the North Pole and the South Pole.Equator
15 Latitude North Pole South Pole 9080[Lines of North latitude are numbered from 0° to 90° are N.L.706050403020]Lines of South latitude are numbered from 0° -90° are S.L.10102030TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)405060708090
16 Latitude The North Pole is at 90° N The South Pole is at 90° S 40° N is the 40° line of latitude north of the equator.40° S is the 40° line of latitude south of the equator.The equator is at 0° latitude. It is neither north nor south. It is at the center between north and south.TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
17 Major lines of latitude North PoleArctic CircleTropic of CancerEquatorTropic of CapricornAntarctic CircleSouth Pole
18 Longitude Lines of Longitude run vertically. They are also called Meridians locate places East or West of the Prime Meridian.There are 180 degrees of east Longitude, and 180 degrees of west Longitude.The Prime Meridian is found in Greenwich, England and is 0 degrees Longitude.
19 Longitude Lines of longitude begin at the Prime Meridian. 60° E is the 60° line of longitude east of the Prime Meridian.60° W is the60° line oflongitude westof the PrimeMeridian.The Prime Meridian is located at 0°. It is neither east or westWETEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
20 Longitude180°NNorth PoleWEWest LongitudeEast LongitudePRIME MERIDIANSLines of longitude are numbered east from the Prime Meridian to the 180° line and west from the Prime Meridian to the 180° line.TEKS: Social Studies –6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
21 Where is 0 degree?The prime meridian is 0 degrees longitude. This imaginary line runs through the United Kingdom, France, Spain, western Africa, and Antarctica.PRIMEDAN
22 HemispheresBy using the equator and prime meridian, we can divide the world into four hemispheres, north, south, east, and west.
25 Application NW ESNorth America is in the Northern Hemisphere because it is north of the Equator. North America is in the Western Hemisphere because it is west of the Prime Meridian.TEKS: Social Studies –6.3 (B), Posing and answering questions about geographic distributions and patterns6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
26 Application TEKS: Social Studies – 6.3 (B), Posing and answering questions about geographic distributions and patterns6.22 (A), Using social studies terminology correctly7.22 (A), 8.31 (A)
27 “How To” BookletStep #1: Label the equator, Prime Meridian, and Cardinal Directions. *Make blank coordinates ( 1st Lat, 2nd Long) Step #2: Find the latitude. Check if it is North or South of the Equator. Fill in the first coordinate. *Don’t forget DEGREES! Step #3: Find the longitude. Check if it is East or West of the Prime Meridian. Fill in the 2nd coordinate. Step #4: Check to see if your fingers touch. Check the Quadrant matches the directions in coordinates.
29 A location’s coordinates (____° N or S, ____ ° E or W)
30 GLOBE SAYS This game follows the same rules as “Simon Says” Body parts represent the major lines of latitudeTop of head – North PoleEars – Arctic CircleShoulders – Tropic of CancerWaist – EquatorKnees – Tropic of CapricornShins – Antarctic CircleToes – South Pole
31 Legend Reading Activities What You Can Learn From A MapWhat do Maps Show ActivityRoad MapRoad Map LegendRoad Map of Salt Lake City RegionMap Worksheet
32 Summary 1.What do lines of Latitude and Longitude combine to make? A grid.2.Compare and Contrast Latitude and Longitude.Latitude- horizontal, north- south, parallelsLongitude- vertical, east-west, meridians3.What is 0 degrees Latitude?Equator4.What is 0 degrees Longitude?Prime Meridian5.How many time zones do we have in the U.S.A.?4- Eastern, Central, Mountain, Pacific6. Explain the difference between Local Time, and Universal Time.Local time- used everydayUniversal Time- is used for a planetary event, or for astronomy