2 The Effect of Human Activity Humans affect regional and global environments throughagriculturedevelopmentindustryThey have an impact on the quality of Earth’s natural resources includingsoilwateratmosphere
3 AgricultureWhat have modern agricultural practices enabled humans to do?Monoculture is the practice of clearing large areas of land to plant a single highly productive crop year after year.Monoculture enables efficientsowingtendingharvesting
4 Agriculture fresh water fertile soil Agriculture impacts natural resources including:fresh waterfertile soilFertilizer production and farm machinery also consume large amounts of fossil fuels.
5 DevelopmentAs modern society developed, many people chose to live in cities.What environmental impact could result from this urbanization?When urban centers become crowded, people moved to suburbs.What environmental effect could result from this sprawl?
6 Industrial GrowthThe conveniences of modern life require a lot of energy.How is most of this energy obtained?What environmental impacts result from the use of this energy source?
7 Sustainable Development What is the difference between goods and services?What are some ecosystem goods and services?What happens if the environment can no longer produce these goods and services?
8 Renewable and Nonrenewable Resources Ecosystem goods and services are classified as either renewable or nonrenewable.Define renewable resourceGive an example of a renewable resource.Define nonrenewable resource.Give an example of a nonrenewable resource.
9 Sustainable Resource Use Using natural resources in a way that does not cause long-term environmental harm is called sustainable development.Sustainable development should cause no long-term harm to thesoilwaterclimateIt should consume as little energy and material as possible.