# 10n means “move decimal n places to right”

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10n means “move decimal n places to right”
SCIENTIFIC NOTATION Uses exponential notation & places a decimal after the 1st sig fig. 10n means “move decimal n places to right” 10-n means “move decimal n places to left” PRACTICE: (A) (B) 5.64 X 10? = X 103 1.50 X 10? = X 10-4

COUNTING SIGFIGS IN SCIENTIFIC NOTATION
EXPONENTIAL TERM – NO SIG FIGS (IT ONLY MOVES THE DECIMAL PLACE) NUMBER-CONTAINS ONLY SIF FIGS EX X SIG FIGS 3.40 X SIG FIGS

What is the correct mass to report?
Measured Mass is _______________

Rules for recognizing SigFigs: When a number has a decimal:
Significant Figures Rules for recognizing SigFigs: When a number has a decimal: Read Left to Right until you Reach the first nonzero number Then you begin counting SigFigs Until you run out of digits (including any zeros along the way) Example: g = _______ SigFigs?

Significant Figures Practice: 82.700 K ____sig figs
J ____sig figs 3.034 g ____sig figs 3.220 x 105 m ____sig figs

Significant Figures Rules for recognizing SigFigs: When a number has no decimal: Read Right to Left until you Reach the first nonzero number Then you begin counting SigFigs Until you run out of digits (including any zeros along the way) Example: m = _______ SigFigs?

Significant Figures Practice: 421 m ____ sig figs
800,890 J ____sig figs 39,059,000 g ____sig figs 523,000 L ____sig figs

Significant Figures Counted Quantites and Constants have absolute values & we don’t count SigFigs Either you counted the number of items right, or you didn’t! Example: 14 bananas

Significant Figures How many significant figures are in each of the following numbers? 5.40 ng ____ Amp ____ 1.2 x 103 mt ____ 1,000 BTU ____ 210 N ____ 9.010 x 10-6  dm ____ mL ____ D ____ 801.5 K ____ 2,370.0 Cal ____

Significant Figures Why are significant figures important when taking data in the laboratory? When you measure something, you never get 100% accuracy on its measurement, so you need a way to show just how accurate it is.

Significant Figures Why are significant figures NOT important when solving problems in your math class? In math, we assume that all numbers are either 100% accurate, or that they are constants, and thus have no uncertainty or error involved in their creation.

Signficant Figures and Math
We will be required to do math with our SigFigs Two rule sets cover this: Addition/Subtraction And Multiplication/Division

Addition and Subtraction Sig Fig Rules
line up the decimals draw a line to the right of the number with the least precision (shortest column) answer can’t go past the line use the 1st digit past the line to determine where to round off Example: 32.00 m m m = ????

Addition and Subtraction Sig Fig Rules
line up the decimals draw a line to the right of the number with the least precision (shortest column) answer can’t go past the line use the 1st digit past the line to determine where to round off Example: 32.00 m m m = ???? m m +____________ m m Must round to: 262.3 m

Addition and Subtraction Sig Fig Rules
210.6 mm mm = ____________ cm cm =____________ m m =____________ 84000 cm cm =____________ 92008 g g =____________ 8.000 mm m =____________ 84.34 g g =____________ 9.81 cm cm =____________ n n =____________

Multiplying and Dividing Sig Fig Rules
Answer can have no more SigFigs than the factor with the fewest number of SigFigs. This means that constants and quantities do not affect sigfigs in the answer! Example: x 42 = ???

Multiplying and Dividing Sig Fig Rules
500 kg X 32 kg =____________ 680.0 n X 100. n =____________ g X 1000 g =____________ 4560 m X m =____________ 85 kg X kg =____________ 9200 L ÷ 873 L =____________ kg2 ÷ 62 kg =____________ 985 g2 ÷ 500. g =____________ 10000 n2 ÷ 0.10 n =____________ g2 ÷ 25 g=____________