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Chapter 28 Government Profiles

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1 Chapter 28 Government Profiles
SS7CG7a: Compare and contrast the federal republic of the Republic of India, the communist state of the People’s Republic of China, and the constitutional monarchy of Japan, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.

2 The Republic of India Became independent of Great Britain in 1950
Became a federal republic – has a parliamentary democracy 3 Branches of government: Executive, legislative, and judicial

3 The Republic of India President = Ceremonial Leader
President appoints prime minister Prime Minister = Head of government Heads up the Cabinet

4 The Republic of India Legislative Branch – Divided into 2 houses
Lok Sabha (House of the People) – elected by the citizens of India Rajya Sabha (Council of States) – elected by the Lok Sabha

5 The Republic of India Personal Freedoms and Rights
Right to vote – age 18 Freedoms of speech, assembly, religion Right to conserve their language and culture and to establish schools to teach about their cultures.

6 The People’s Republic of China
Mao Zedong established People’s Republic of China in 1949 Government = Communist Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in charge of government President = Ceremonial Position Premier = head of government

7 The People’s Republic of China
Chinese Communist Party National Peoples Congress – China’s Legislature President Premier

8 The People’s Republic of China
Voting Rights -Right to vote – 18 and over -Voting is meaningless because government is in control -Citizens can only vote for candidates of the CCP

9 The People’s Republic of China
Personal Freedoms -Government violates personal freedoms -Denied the following freedoms: Speech, worship, safety from physical harm and political persecution -Recently, China has made efforts to better protect personal freedoms

10 Constitutional Monarchy of Japan
After WWII, Japan became a constitutional monarchy Country follows a parliamentary system of government Emperor = ceremonial leader Prime Minister = Head of government

11 Constitutional Monarchy of Japan
Legislative Branch – Diet -2 houses: House of Representatives House of Councillors

12 Constitutional Monarchy of Japan
Personal Freedoms and Rights Right to vote – age 20 Freedoms of speech, religion, equal rights for women, equal education Article 9: Renounces war and prohibits Japan from having a military

13 Quick Quiz Put a C for China, I for India, J for Japan
Emperor = ceremonial leader Premier = head of government 20 to vote Government created in 1950 Violated personal freedoms Communist Federal Republic Constitutional Monarchy WWII – 1947 started government Renounces war

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