Presentation on theme: "Chapter 28 Government Profiles"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 28 Government Profiles SS7CG7a: Compare and contrast the federal republic of the Republic of India, the communist state of the People’s Republic of China, and the constitutional monarchy of Japan, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.
2 The Republic of India Became independent of Great Britain in 1950 Became a federal republic – has a parliamentary democracy3 Branches of government:Executive, legislative, and judicial
3 The Republic of India President = Ceremonial Leader President appoints prime ministerPrime Minister = Head of governmentHeads up the Cabinet
4 The Republic of India Legislative Branch – Divided into 2 houses Lok Sabha (House of the People) – elected by the citizens of IndiaRajya Sabha (Council of States) – elected by the Lok Sabha
5 The Republic of India Personal Freedoms and Rights Right to vote – age 18Freedoms of speech, assembly, religionRight to conserve their language and culture and to establish schools to teach about their cultures.
6 The People’s Republic of China Mao Zedong established People’s Republic of China in 1949Government = CommunistChinese Communist Party (CCP) in charge of governmentPresident = Ceremonial PositionPremier = head of government
7 The People’s Republic of China Chinese Communist PartyNational Peoples Congress – China’s LegislaturePresidentPremier
8 The People’s Republic of China Voting Rights-Right to vote – 18 and over-Voting is meaningless because government is in control-Citizens can only vote for candidates of the CCP
9 The People’s Republic of China Personal Freedoms-Government violates personal freedoms-Denied the following freedoms:Speech, worship, safety from physical harm and political persecution-Recently, China has made efforts to better protect personal freedoms
10 Constitutional Monarchy of Japan After WWII, Japan became a constitutional monarchyCountry follows a parliamentary system of governmentEmperor = ceremonial leaderPrime Minister = Head of government
11 Constitutional Monarchy of Japan Legislative Branch – Diet-2 houses:House of RepresentativesHouse of Councillors
12 Constitutional Monarchy of Japan Personal Freedoms and RightsRight to vote – age 20Freedoms of speech, religion, equal rights for women, equal educationArticle 9: Renounces war and prohibits Japan from having a military
13 Quick Quiz Put a C for China, I for India, J for Japan Emperor = ceremonial leaderPremier = head of government20 to voteGovernment created in 1950Violated personal freedomsCommunistFederal RepublicConstitutional MonarchyWWII – 1947 started governmentRenounces war