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Carol Rentas and Marcia Firmani Lunch and Learn January 14, 2015.

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Presentation on theme: "Carol Rentas and Marcia Firmani Lunch and Learn January 14, 2015."— Presentation transcript:

1 Carol Rentas and Marcia Firmani Lunch and Learn January 14, 2015

2 Cheating During Exams: It Happens more than we all care to think

3 Cheating Methods

4 Key Factors in Prevention of Cheating Consistency Environment

5 Policies o clearly defined Consequences o immediate and substantive penalties (even on smaller assessments) Learning o students are learning over time through formative assessments Consistency

6 Test Environment Most effective way to reduce/induce cheating = modify the environment of the task Environment includes: o Curriculum requirements o Course design o Classroom design o Classroom practices o Administration of assignments and assessments o Student relationship with instructor

7 Blackboard – Steps Before Exam 1.Clearly define academic dishonesty in syllabus as it relates to your course 2.Promote early and consistent learning 3.Openly endorse practices which promote academic integrity

8 Clearly define academic dishonesty in syllabus 1.Describe academic dishonesty 2.Outline possible consequences of cheating 3.Define permissible and non-permissible collaboration 4.Include expected time for coursework 5.Include late work policies 6.Include missed test and test retake policy 7.Include any dropped quiz or test policy

9 Promote early and consistent learning Use smaller, frequent, formative quizzes to increase learning before high-stakes exams Provide students with a map of objectives Use a discussion board to field questions before and after an exam

10 Openly endorse practices which promote academic integrity Post a letter in your course to: o Discuss how you will support student learning to avoid academic dishonesty o State your commitment to ensuring fairness and integrity Create an assignment which allows for discussion on issues of academic integrity

11 Blackboard – Steps in Exam Setup 1.Blackboard exam settings 2.Exam Questions 3.Exam Environment

12 Clarify academic dishonesty policy in exam instructions Randomize questions and answers Test availability o Recommend one day One attempt only Timed exam o Making timing very stringent. For MC questions, rule of thumb is 45 seconds per question Forced Completion Blackboard Exam Settings

13 Include constructed response questions in addition to MCQs Include higher levels of difficulty Use a large pool of questions Use different questions on different exams each semester Use random pools to create different exams with different questions for different students Exam Questions

14 1.Pools allow for a wider selection of questions each time an exam is created 2.Pools can be used to randomize questions for different students on the same exam 3.Random Blocks or Question Sets allow questions to be randomly selected from a batch of questions and/or presented to test-takers in random order. Creating an Exam From Pools

15 Randomizing Questions From Pools 1.Random Blocks – Questions.. Can only come from one pool Are selected based on the format of the questions (multiple choice, short answer,…) 2.Question Sets – Questions… Can be gathered from multiple sources Are selected based on question format or metadata tags, such as category or level of difficulty.

16 Prevent internet/browser surfing o Utilize programs that lock down computer/browser Proctor Exam Use remote proctoring utilities to ensure exam integrity Exam Environment

17 Show less feedback to discourage cheating

18 High-Stakes Test Settings


20 Blackboard – Steps After Exam 1.Do not share answers with students on high-stakes exam 2. To review exams with students:  Face to face: Have students review exam in class or in office hours and not allow pen/paper and make them turn exam back in  Online: Perform an item analysis and only do a review of the questions that students had trouble with or have a telephone meeting with student to review ONLY the questions or areas that they had difficulties

21 Scenario and Method Possible Mode of Cheating and the Methods available to reduce it (these are on printed handout)

22 Students obtain old exams  Do not send out electronic files of the exam  Change your exams regularly Students obtain answers to the exams before taking the exam  Do not post the answers to the exam until the exam deadline is over Students copy the exam while they are taking it (copy and paste into a word doc or make a screenshot) and then distribute to others in class  Do not keep your exams available or open for extended periods of time so that students don’t have time to look up answers to questions before they take the exam.  Present exam questions one at a time as opposed to having all questions posted. This makes it more difficult to make a screenshot. Students would still be able to copy and paste each question into a word doc or screenshot every question individually. Students have a web browser open in another page and look up answers to questions while taking an exam  Do not allow students that much time. The exam should be timed and only allow enough time for students who know the material to answer the questions without looking up answers online or in notes.  Do not allow backtracking so that students cannot quickly go through the exam and then go back and start looking up the answers to all of the questions.

23 Students have all of their notes open in another window and do a search (i.e. find) in their notes to look up answers as they are taking the exam  Time the exam more stringently. Only keep the exam open long enough for students who know the material to answer the questions based on what they know and not by looking up answers. Students who are friends can be taking the exam together either at the same time in the same room or on the phone together or one takes it while another looks up answers and then the other takes it  Randomize the questions and answers  Have a pool (i.e. question bank) of exam questions so that students will not have the exact same exam  Stringent time limits so that students don’t have enough time to look up answers Students consistently have “computer issues” and ask for you to re-open their examination after they either spent 20 minutes in the exam reviewing every question or they submitted the exam and then received all of the answers to each question (if you have it set up where they get the correct answer when the exam is submitted)  Make suggestions in the syllabus that students should not use wireless internet connections to take their exams  Suggest that students take the exam at a local or university library  Have a rule stated in the syllabus that you will not re-open exams

24 Live Demo

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