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Benign Tumours of Epithelial Origin

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Presentation on theme: "Benign Tumours of Epithelial Origin"— Presentation transcript:

1 Benign Tumours of Epithelial Origin
Papilloma C/f Age 2-5th decade of life More in males, can affect an sex Most common site is tongue, followed by buccal mucosa, lip, gingiva Clinically- cauliflower like growth, having finger like projections, usually pedunculated, may be sessile, pinkish in colour; if keratinized, then colour is greyish white Usually painless unless secondarily infected Resembles verucca vulgaris occuring on fingers, caused by HPV

2 Papilloma Contd.. Histological Features
Each finger like process has a connective tissue core covered by epithelium which is hyperplastic If keratinized, then para or ortho keratinization is found on the surface of projections Inflammatory cells may be present if ulcerated surface

3 Keratoacanthoma or self healing carcimoma
It is a benign epithelial neoplasm which histologically resembles carcinoma Etiology unknown, suggested to be viral, genetic, chemical carcinogens etc.

4 Keratoacanthoma CLINICAL FEATURES:
Usually occurs on external surface like lip, nose, cheek, Zygoma etc. Age 5th to 7th decade of life More common in males 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter

5 Keratoacanthoma: Clinical course
Initially appears as nodule, which ulcerates and becomes crater like ulcerated nodule, keratin is present within the ulcer It grows to its full size in 4-8 weeks, remains static, then in following 6-8 weeks, it expels the central keratin core and heals, hence called as self healing carcinoma, recurrence is rare.

6 Keratoacanthoma Histological Features:
Hyperplastic squamous epithelium growing into underlying connective tissue Surface covered by thick layer of ortho & para Keratin with central plugging Occasional dysplastic features are seen in the epithelial cells At the leading margin of tumour, islands of epithelium appear to be invading connective tissue and it is almost impossible to differentiate it from Squamous cell Carcinoma Perineural invasion has also been reported, but does not have an adverse effect on biological nature of tumour

7 Keratoacanthoma H/F Contd..
Connective tissue is infiltrated with chronic inflammatory cells At the margin of the lesion, the normal adjacent epithelium is elevated towards the central portion of crater, then an abrupt change of normal epithelium occurs into Hyperplastic Acanthotic epithelium Hence, Inclusion of the adjacent border of specimen is must in the biopsy to reach a conclusion.

8 Benign Epithelial Tumors Contd..
Pigmented Cellular Nevus Nevus is a developmental tumor like malformation, composed of nevus cells. Melanin pigment is present in tumor cells

9 Pigmented Cellular Nevus
Two types Congenital Small cms in size Garment - more than 10 cms in size Acquired Intradermal Junctional Compound Spindle cell type Blue Nevus

10 Pigmented Cellular Nevus
Congenital Nevus These are macules, Pale or coloured and are raised or elevated These subsequently show hair growth on their surface Are present at birth Acquired Nevus Present 2-3 yrs after birth Number increases till 3rd decade of life, then decrease in number Usually small in size Pigmented With or without hair growth on surface This type is mostly seen in oral cavity, common sites are palate & gingiva

11 Histopathology: Main cell is nevus cell. These are large ovoid cells with vesiculated nuclei, and pale cytoplasm They are derived from neural crest cells

12 Melanocytes in Normal epithelium

13 Normal & benign lesions (melanocyte related)

14 Junctional nevus

15 Compound Nevus Shows junctional activity
& nests of nevus cells in connective tissue.

16 Intradermal Nevus

17 Blue Nevus

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