# 1 EE365 Three-state Outputs Encoders Multiplexers XOR gates.

## Presentation on theme: "1 EE365 Three-state Outputs Encoders Multiplexers XOR gates."— Presentation transcript:

1 EE365 Three-state Outputs Encoders Multiplexers XOR gates

2 Three-state buffers Output = LOW, HIGH, or Hi-Z. Can tie multiple outputs together, if at most one at a time is driven.

3 Different flavors

4

5 Timing considerations

6 Three-state drivers

7 Driver application

8 Three-state transceiver

9 Transceiver application

10 Encoders vs. Decoders DecoderEncoder

11 Binary encoders

12 Need priority in most applications

13 8-input priority encoder

14 Priority-encoder logic equations

15 74x148 8-input priority encoder –Active-low I/O –Enable Input –“Got Something” –Enable Output

16 74x148 circuit

17 74x148 Truth Table

18 Cascading priority encoders 32-input priority encoder

19 Constant expressions

20 Outputs

21 Alternative formulation WHEN is very natural for priority function

22 Multiplexers

23 74x151 8-input multiplexer

24 74x151 truth table

25 CMOS transmission gates 2-input multiplexer

26 Other multiplexer varieties 2-input, 4-bit-wide –74x157 4-input, 2-bit-wide –74x153

27 Barrel shifter design example n data inputs, n data outputs Control inputs specify number of positions to rotate or shift data inputs Example: n = 16 –DIN[15:0], DOUT[15:0], S[3:0] (shift amount) Many possible solutions, all based on multiplexers

28 16 16-to-1 muxes 16-to-1 mux = 2 x 74x151 8-to-1 mux + NAND gate

29 4 16-bit 2-to-1 muxes 16-bit 2-to-1 mux = 4 x 74x157 4-bit 2-to-1 mux

30 Properties of different approaches

31 2-input XOR gates Like an OR gate, but excludes the case where both inputs are 1. XNOR: complement of XOR

32 XOR and XNOR symbols

33 Gate-level XOR circuits No direct realization with just a few transistors.

34 CMOS XOR with transmission gates IF B==1 THEN Z = !A; ELSE Z = A;

35 Multi-input XOR Sum modulo 2 Parity computation Used to generate and check parity bits in computer systems. –Detects any single-bit error

36 Parity tree Faster with balanced tree structure