Psychoanalytic Approaches to Literature (1) Structure of the Mind, Child Development & Oedipus Complex (2) Dream and Sexual Symbols (3) Psychological Diseases.
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Presentation on theme: "Psychoanalytic Approaches to Literature (1) Structure of the Mind, Child Development & Oedipus Complex (2) Dream and Sexual Symbols (3) Psychological Diseases."— Presentation transcript:
Psychoanalytic Approaches to Literature (1) Structure of the Mind, Child Development & Oedipus Complex (2) Dream and Sexual Symbols (3) Psychological Diseases
Three Premises 1. most of the individual's mental processes are unconscious. 2. all human behavior is motivated ultimately by what we would call sexuality. The prime psychic force--libido, or sexual energy. 3. Because of the powerful social taboos attached to certain sexual impulses, many of our desires and memories are repressed.
unconscious --cannot be pointed at; can only be "diagnosed." --the reverse of consciousness Making itself manifest through "gaps"-- unintended lapses in memory, slips of tongue, puns and dreams
Structure of our Psyche Superego morality p. repository of conscience & pride reason and morality circumspection protect society Id pleasure p. repository of libido instinct and passion self- satisfaction Ego reality p Intermediary protect individual
Child development oral stage anal stage phallic stage latent period genital stage What is happening in this process... is a gradual organization of the libidinal drives... Oedipus complex and gendering process With Oedipus complex starts the process of socialization
Child development (2) oral stage (sucking) anal stage (withholding, expulsion) phallic stage (castration complex) latent period genital stage Auto-eroticism Oedipus complex (positive and negative constellation) puberty
Child development (2) Oedipus complex in Boys Positive constellation: identifies with Father, loves Mother Negative constellation: identifies with Mother and loves Father Oedipus complex in Girls loving Mother loving Father Loving Father and identifying with Mother.
Child development (3): Beyond Freud Oedipus complex & its resolution Transitional Objects (Object-Relation Theory) Pre-Oedipal Symbiosis (Identification with Mother)
Key Issues in Freud ’ s Oedipus complex Recognition of Father ’ s authority Development from bi-sexuality to heterosexuality The influence of sexuality, parents and childhood on our personality Are we born to be destructive and aggressive? Is sexuality the source of our energy?
Examples of Freud ’ s Oedipus complex Sons and Lovers Peter Pan Leonardo “ Araby ”