The UNFCCC’s Bali Roadmap: building long-term cooperative action to address climate change Claudio Forner UNFCCC secretariat Cforner@unfccc.int 8 consultants.
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Presentation on theme: "The UNFCCC’s Bali Roadmap: building long-term cooperative action to address climate change Claudio Forner UNFCCC secretariat Cforner@unfccc.int 8 consultants."— Presentation transcript:
1 The UNFCCC’s Bali Roadmap: building long-term cooperative action to address climate change Claudio FornerUNFCCC secretariat8 consultants
2 Introduction: The UNFCCC The Bali roadmap The Bali Action Plan OutlineIntroduction: The UNFCCCThe Bali roadmapThe Bali Action PlanWhat is needed?
3 The UNFCCCObjective: stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system. Such a level should be achieved within a time frame sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure that food production is not threatened and to enable economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner.
4 2012: Kyoto first commitment period expires The UNFCCC: timeline2009: Agreement on long-term cooperative action1992: Convention enters into force1979: First climate change conferenceLong termCooperativeAction toAddressClimateChange2005: Kyoto Protocol enters into force2007: IPCC FAR; Bali Roadmap2008: Kyoto first commitment period starts2012: Kyoto first commitment period expires1997: Kyoto Protocol Adopted2001: Marrakesh Accords
5 The road to Bali: gaining political momentum A two year dialogue under the UNFCCCKyoto Protocol short life expires after 2012IPCC Fourth Assessment Report:Climate change is unequivocalGlobal emissions continue to raiseDelay in reducing emissions constrains developmentHumanity has the capacity to address climate changeRaising the political status of climate change:UN secretary General high level eventG8APEC
6 The Bali RoadmapA two year negotiating process for a broad and robust response to climate change. Components:A new negotiation process (LCA)DeforestationTechnology transferKyoto track: time table for the AWG, adaptation fund and the review of the Protocol
7 New negotiations: Bali Action Plan Enhance the implementation of the ConventionAn Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action under the Convention to address:Nationally appropriate commitments or actions by developed countries and mitigation actions for developing countries;Essential actions to adapt to climate change and promote climate-resilient development;Mobilise finance and technology cooperation to support action.
8 Action by developed countries On mitigation On adaptation Action by developing countriesShared visionEmission reductionsResilience/reduced vulnerability Elements of supportEnabling elementsInput to supportOutput to supportCatalytic role of the UNFCCC
9 Action bydeveloped countriesMeasurable, reportable, verifiable mitigation action/commitmentsImplementation of action on adaptationAction to support action by developing countriesAction bydeveloping countriesNationally appropriate mitigation actions supported and enabled by technology, financing and capacity buildingReducing emissions from deforestationImplementation of action on adaptationNational/international actionCooperative sectoral approaches and sector-specific actions on mitigation
10 Elements of supportAccess to financial resources and support (FMR, TT)Positive incentives for mitigation and adaptation actionAccess to technology for developing countries (FMR, TT)Financing for adaptation (AF, GEF)Enabling elementsAccelerating deployment, diffusion and transfer of technology (TT)Technology R&D; technology cooperation in specific sectors (TT)Mobilization of public- and private-sector funding and investmentMeans of adaptation (1/CP.13, NWP, possibly 1/CP.10)
11 Key aspects of the Bali Action Plan Economic growth and poverty eradication are global prioritiesDeep cuts in global emissions are urgently requiredProvision of incentives to engage all PartiesGoing beyond assistance: the role of business and the private sector through right investment decisionsA long term vision
12 What is needed?A comprehensive financial architecture:Mechanisms established within the UNFCCC;Mechanisms enabled through the rules under the Convention, but working outside; andFinancial tools created independently of the Convention, but linked to it.
13 What is your role/ what can you do? What is needed?Climate change as a crosscutting challengeThe UNFCCC as a catalyst for actionFull mobilization of the international communityDifferent actors = different rolesWhat is your role/ what can you do?