Presentation on theme: "The Benefits of Exercise"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Benefits of Exercise Stacy Gropack, PhD, PTEric Lamberg, EdM, PTRebecca States, PhDWilliam Susman, PhD, PTInterdisciplinary, Community-Based, Health Education for Diverse Elders. HRSA Grant #1 D37 HP OO838-01
2 movement that burns calories (expends energy) Physical ActivityAny voluntary bodymovement that burns calories (expends energy)
3 Exercise A subcategory of physical activity Is planned, structured and repetitiveResults in improvement or maintenance of on or more facets of physical fitness:EnduranceStrengthFlexibilityCoordination
4 What are the Benefits of Exercise??? Reduces the risk of developing chronic diseases such as heart disease.Aids in the management of active problems such as high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, or high cholesterol.Improves the ability to function and stay independent in the face of active problems like lung disease or arthritis.
5 Benefits of Exercise Research has also proven that exercise: Lowers risk of obesity.Improves mood and relieves symptoms of depression.Improves quality of life, general well being and everyday functioning.Improves function in persons with arthritis.Lowers risk of falls and injuryImproves sleepPrevents bone loss
6 Consult with your doctor or rehabilitation professional You Should Not Exercise If You Have: Chest painIrregular heart rateSevere shortness of breathUnexplained weight lossBlood clotFoot or ankle sores that will not healSwelling of the jointsPersistent pain after a fallAfter surgical procedures
7 How Do You Get Started With An Exercise Program Check with a doctor or a rehabilitation professional if necessaryChoose an activity you enjoyChoose an activity that fits you socially and financiallyChoose activities that are easily accessibleMake a regular schedule for exercise and try to stick to it
8 Types of ExerciseEnduranceStrengthFlexibilityCoordination
9 Endurance ExerciseExercise for your cardiopulmonary (heart and lungs) systemThey are activities that increase your heart rate and breathing for an extended period of time in a healthy way.
10 Examples of Endurance Exercises WalkingSwimmingBicyclingDancingCleaningClimbing the stairs
11 Strength and Flexibility Exercise Exercise for you musculoskeletal (muscles and bones) systemThese exercises help increase or maintain your strength and keep you loose and flexible.
12 Examples of Strength and Flexibility Exercises Moving any part of your body against gravity in a sequenced pattern and with appropriate timingUsing hand held weights or ankle weights when appropriateDoing activities of daily living repetitively or with resistance (increase loads)Stretching tight muscles
13 Balance and Coordination Exercises Exercise primarily for your neuromuscular system (nerves, brain and muscles)Help prevent frequent falls and loss of balanceAllow your movements to be more fluid and smooth
14 Examples of Balance and Coordination Exercises and Activities Sports such as tennis, golf and softballPlaying ball with the kids and grand kidsPracticing standing on one foot (use support if you need it)Walking a straight line (one foot in front of the other)
15 ActivitiesLets Get MovingIt Is Time To Exercise