Figures concerning mortality are regularly improving and exert a positive impact expectation on life. It is projected that men will reach the average age of 70.2 years while women-78.4 years, that is approx.4 years and over 3 years more, accordingly, than in 1991.
The difference between expectation on life of men and women in Poland is large (over 8 years), while the European average is 5-6 years. Also, the age that people in Poland live up to is below the level recorded in Scandinavian countries and in Western Europe (for women- by 4-5 years, for men-by 6-7 years) (Central Statistical Office, 2003).
Women and men on the labour market Population at the working age comprise women aged 18-59 years and men aged 18-64 years. People aged 0-17 years constitute a group of persons at the pre-working age, while women aged 60 years or more and men aged 65 years or more belong to a post-working age group.
Working and non-working age population: Pre-working age (in thous.) - 8350 Males - 4276 Females – 4074 Urban areas – 4645 Rural areas – 3705
Working age (in thous.) – 24039 Of which of mobility age- 15265 Males- 12337 Females- 11702 Urban areas –1534 Rural areas- 8696
Post-working age (in thous.)- 5802 Males- 1874 Females- 3928 Urban areas-3526 Rural areas- 2276