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Human factors Training & Competence

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Presentation on theme: "Human factors Training & Competence"— Presentation transcript:

1 Human factors Training & Competence

2 Competency can be defined as: the ability to undertake responsibilities and perform activities to a recognized standard on a regular basis. Human Factors: Training & Competence 2 of 10 Competency = Experience + Knowledge

3 Human Factors: Training & Competence 3 of 10 Prior to establishing any kind of competency assurance system the Risk Assessment should take place to capture all tasks, responsibilities and hazards in the particular work place. The inadequate management of competence has not only contributed to disasters such as Esso Longford and BP Texas City, but also to fatalities, personal injuries and ill health.

4 Competence assurance should be linked to key responsibilities, activities and tasks identified in risk assessments. Competency assurance systems should aim to establish and maintain competency for all those involved in safety-related work, including managers. This is particularly important in the management and prevention of major accidents. Training is an important component of establishing competency but is not sufficient on its own. Consolidation of knowledge and skills through practice is a key part of developing competency. Competence assurance systems should take account of foreseeable work and operating conditions - including infrequent and complex activities, emergency situations, maintenance etc. Human Factors: Training & Competence 4 of 10 Key principles in competence

5 Training and competence assessment methods should be appropriate to the hazard profile of the tasks being undertaken. ‘On-the-job’ training should be structured and linked to risk assessments and associated control measures including procedures. In safety critical environments, on-the-job training should be supported by other forms of training where appropriate e.g. classroom training, simulation. Training should be VALIDATED (‘Did it deliver what it was supposed to?’), EVALUATED (‘Is this the right kind of training for our needs?’) and RECORDED There should be refresher training for infrequent, complex or safety critical tasks and this may include appropriate reassessment. Vocational qualifications should include site-specific aspects and link appropriately to the hazards and risks in the workplace. Human Factors: Training & Competence 5 of 10

6 Careful consideration should be given to the potential consequences of outsourcing of safety-related work. Companies must take steps to ensure that contractors are competent to carry out health and safety-related work. Companies should seek to retain intelligent customer capability to ensure that they can appropriately manage and oversee the work. Human Factors: Training & Competence 6 of 10

7 Competency Checklist At this site we: Know all hazards that could arise in every task (including normal operational, maintenance and emergency tasks) Have a good selection process to identify suitable employees or contractors for those tasks Know the exact type of person to assign to each task Have enough people to always be able to put the right person onto a particular job Can identify any gaps in a person’s skill or knowledge or experience (competence) Know the best way of providing the skills and knowledge that people need (e.g. training, including on the job) Have access to the best training resources (training facilities, trainers and equipment) Make it easy for people to get the training they need Always use actual work instructions/procedures in our training Continually improve managers’ as well as staff competence Never make a person do a job they’re not competent to do Assess whether training has worked Retrain people if they need it Keep good records so that we know what training/experience each person has had and what they need next Change the selection, training and assessment system if it isn’t working A tick in every box above would suggest you are a ‘world-class’ site when it comes to competence. Human Factors: Training & Competence 7 of 10

8 Are you really so sure that you do all of these things? In particular, can you honestly say that your competence assurance scheme takes account of major accident prevention and recovery? Human Factors: Training & Competence 8 of 10 ?

9 Select the right peopleTrain them Assess them (at various levels) These three stages together form the ‘competence assurance’ system of the company NOTE: These are continuous, not ‘one-off’ processes Human Factors: Training & Competence 9 of 10

10 ESTABLISH REQUIREMENTS FOR THE CMS identify activities and assess risks select standards DESIGN THE CMS develop procedures and methods decide how to meet the standards establish requirements for training, development and assessment maintain managers’ competencies IMPLEMENT THE CMS select and recruit staff train, develop and assess staff control activities undertaken MAINTAIN COMPETENCE monitor & reassess staff performance update the competence of individuals manage sub-standard performance keep records AUDIT AND REVIEW THE CMS verify and audit the system review and feedback Human Factors: Training & Competence 10 of 10

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