2 Fire Facts In US over 5,000 people die in fires each year. 80% of all fires occur at homeMost fires occur between 8 pm and 8 amMany times, severe injuries or even death are due to SMOKE, not the fire.
3 Cooking and FireNever leave cooking food on the stovetop unattended, and keep a close eye on food cooking inside the ovenIf there is an oven fire, turn off the heat and keep the door closed to prevent flames from burning you and your closeThree in every 10 reported home fires start in the kitchen—more than any other place in the home
4 What is Fire? 1. HEAT 2. OXYGEN 3. FUEL Three elements are needed to create a fire:1. HEAT2. OXYGEN3. FUEL
5 Common CausesSpontaneous Ignition – slow buildup of heat in piles of trash and oily rags.Electrical Equipment – light or breaker switches; light bulbs or wiring overheat; faulty wiringChemicals – gasoline or alcoholSmoking – carelessness with cigarette butts; playing with matches; smoking in bed, etc.Poor Housekeeping – not using smoke detector; faulty smoke detector; trash storage; dust around electrical equipment, etc.
6 Emergency Evacuation Procedure R RescueA AlarmC Contain/Confine/ControlE Evacuate/Extinguish
7 When to Extinguish a Fire All people are evacuatedCall 911Fire small enough to be contained by the available extinguisherCorrect extinguisher availableEscape route nearby and secureOnly extinguish if all 5 conditions are met!!!
8 Which Extinguisher to Use Class A- Extinguishes ordinary combustibles by cooling the material below its ignition temp and soaking the fibers to prevent re-ignitionClass B- Extinguishes flammable liquids, greases or gases by removing the oxygen, preventing the vapors from reaching the ignition source or inhibiting the chemical chain reactionClass C- Extinguishes energized electrical equipment by using an extinguishing agent that is not capable of conducting electrical currents
9 How to OperateP Pull pinA Aim at the base of the fireS Squeeze handleS Sweep from side to side
10 Alternative Methods to Control Fires Grease or oil burning in a pan...Burning small appliance…Fire on another person…Fire on yourself…Smother fire with lidTurn off electricity, throw baking soda on fireRoll person on groundStop, drop and roll on ground
11 RememberPractice Fire Safety on the Job and at Home