2 Introduction A healthy diet should include : In a healthy diet is a balanced representation of three main components: carbohydrates , fat and proteins , with more than half of the energy intake should be paid carbohydrates , less than one-third fat and about 15 % protein.35% complex carbohydrates25% fruits and vegetables20% fats15-18% protein2-5% sugar
3 CarbohydratesCarbohydrates are found in fruits, vegetables rich in starches (potatoes ) , rice,pasta,grain products like bread and biscuits. Carbohydrates provide the body with the necessary energy , especially during physical exertion. In the digestion of carbohydrates arises sugar called glucose, which is necessary for the functioning of the brain and muscles.There are two basic categories of carbohydrates - simple and complex .Simple carbohydrates can be found in fruits, milk and sugar and usually have a sweet taste.Complex carbohydrates are found in basic foods that are last years increasingly consumed - in cereals and cereal products , legumes and foods rich in starch.
4 Proteins and fatsProteins are contained in meat, fish , eggs , cheese, milk products, legumes and cereals. Our body is used in the construction of bones , muscles , blood, to transfer information and to protect the body from disease.Fat is found in oil, butter, cream and fatty meats . A certain amount of fat to be included in our diet , because they are a storehouse of energy and allow the absorption of some vitamins.
5 Food pyramid The most healthy food meat fish milk products eggs fruits vegetablespastry