We think you have liked this presentation. If you wish to download it, please recommend it to your friends in any social system. Share buttons are a little bit lower. Thank you!
Presentation is loading. Please wait.
supports HTML5 video
Published byAnabel Bruce
Modified over 5 years ago
CSCI-235 Micro-Computer ApplicationsApplication Software
Software Software – All the programs that give the computer its instructions Two categories of software: System software Application software © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Application Software Application software refers to programs that enable the user to be productive when using the computer © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Application Software Personal Productivity Internet Home/EducationWord Processing Spreadsheets Address Books Web Browsers Home/Education Multimedia/Graphics Personal Finance Tax Preparation Reference Games Desktop Publishing Photo Editing 3D Rendering © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Personal ProductivityWord Processor Spreadsheet Database © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Word Processor Software for creating text documents (e.g., Microsoft Word) More sophisticated programs for creating large documents (e.g., books) or documents with lots of graphics (e.g., brochures) are often referred as Desktop Publishing Software Most modern word processors allow the integration of graphics with text © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Text Editors A text editor is a program that you can use to create and modify files UNIX systems typically offer a choice of text editors of which the vi editor is the most common © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Text Editors vs Word ProcessorsA text editor is not a word processor A word processor typically does more than a text editor. Besides adding text to a file, most word processing programs allow you to control the appearance of the text (e.g., paragraph styles, typefaces, etc…) when it is printed In contrast, a text editor does just that – edit text © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Spreadsheet Software for working with numeric data, calculations and graphing/charting (e.g., Microsoft Excel, Lotus 1-2-3) Modern spreadsheets include lots of built-in analysis tools and functions © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Databases Software that allows the creating of highly structured containers for storing information (e.g., Microsoft Access) Allows the user to perform queries © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Presentation/MultimediaSoftware that allows the user to combine several data formats (e.g., text, audio, video) to create presentations (e.g., Microsoft Powerpoint) © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Multimedia/Graphics Desktop Publishing Photo Editing 3D Rendering© Prentice-Hall, Inc
Internet Web Browser © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Home/Education Personal Finance Tax Preparation Reference Games© Prentice-Hall, Inc
Custom Software Specifically tailored to an organization’s needsOrganization hires computer programmers to design, write, test, and implement software Can be extremely complex and take years to write Used for specialized fields Billing programs Inventory tracking programs Point of Sale software © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Custom Software © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Software Suite Individual applications share a common program codePopular office suites offer a word processor, spreadsheet, database, presentation, and other programs © Prentice-Hall, Inc
System Requirements Sample Minimum System RequirementsIBM compatible PC with a 486 PC processor or better (Pentium® recommended) Microsoft Windows® 95 12 MB RAM (16 MB recommended) Hard disk space (standard installation approx. 100 MB) CD-ROM drive (2x or better) Mouse or other pointing device System requirements refers to the minimum level of equipment needed to run a program Platform– PC or MAC Microprocessor Drive– 3.5 Floppy or CD-ROM RAM Available hard disk space © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Software Version Software producers include a version number with their products Version numbers identify the release of the program being used Recent releases have numbers greater than earlier releases (Recent Ver. 6.0; Earlier Ver. 1.0) Whole numbers are major revisions (1.0, 2.0, 3.0, etc.) Decimal numbers refer to maintenance releases or updates and fixes (1.1, 1.2, 1.3, etc.) © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Software Upgrades Software upgrading is the process of keeping the application program current Types of upgrades: Patch – Small changes in the program Service release – Major changes in the program © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Software Licenses and RegistrationA software license gives the user the right to install and use the program on one computer Organizations purchase a site license to install a program on many computers © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Types of software Most computer software is copyrightedSoftware piracy – Infringing on a program’s copyright Copyrighted software cannot be: Copied Altered Used on more than one computer Types of copyrighted software: Commercial – Buy before using it Shareware – Try it before you buy it Freeware – Free software, but it can’t be copied and/or sold Public domain software is not copyrighted. There are no restrictions on using, copying, altering, or selling the software Zip, quickzip © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Installing and Managing Application SoftwareInstall the software on the hard drive Installation utilities guide you through the process Installation changes the registry of the operating system Use an uninstall utility to remove a program from the hard drive Do not just delete a program from your files Example © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Intelligent Software? The field of Artificial Intelligence (AI) attempts to build intelligent entities © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Artificial IntelligenceAI is one of the newest sciences (1956) (McCarthy) A truly universal field learning and perception playing chess proving mathematical theorems writing poetry etc … Still has openings for several full-time Einsteins © Prentice-Hall, Inc
How would we decide whether a computer is intelligent?The Turing Test (Alan Turing, 1950) Eliza © Prentice-Hall, Inc
The Turing Test Proposed by Alan Turing (1950) (the father of AI)Based on indistinguishability from undeniably intelligent entities (i.e., we) Is a computer that passes the test really intelligent? Programming a computer to pass the test provides plenty to work on Natural Language Processing Knowledge Representation Automated Reasoning Machine Learning © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Acting Humanly: The Turing TestToday, AI researchers devote little effort to passing the test More important to study underlying principles of intelligence Turing Test suggested major components of AI Natural Language Processing Knowledge Representation Automated Reasoning Machine Learning Computer Vision Robotics © Prentice-Hall, Inc
AI in the 21st century AI is everywhereFuzzy logic is used in elevators, washing machines, cars Intelligent agents are used in many software applications Robots explore other worlds, and toy robots play with children (and with some adults) Expert systems diagnose diseases recommend cures Computer games use AI © Prentice-Hall, Inc
State of the Art Which of the following can be done at present?Play a decent game of table tennis Driving in the center of Cairo Buying a week’s worth of groceries at the market Buying a week’s worth of groceries on the web Playing a decent game of bridge at a competitive level Discovering and proving new mathematical theorems Writing an intentionally funny story Giving competent legal advice in a specialized area of law Translating spoken English into spoken Swedish in real time Performing a complex surgical operation © Prentice-Hall, Inc
Computer Software 3 Section A Software Basics CHAPTER PARSONS/OJA
Lesson 6 Software and Hardware Interaction
Copyright (c) 2003 by Prentice Hall Computers Tools for an Information Age Chapter 2 Applications Software: Getting the Work Done.
Today’s Agenda Chapter 4: System Software Chapter 4: System Software Chapter 5: Application Software Chapter 5: Application Software.
Technology In Action Chapter 1 1 Application Software Application vs. system software Productivity software Business software Graphics and multimedia software.
1 Chapter 2 Uses and Limitations. 2 Chapter 2 Contents l The Chinese Room l HAL – Fantasy or Reality? l AI in the 21 st Century.
Computers Are Your Future © 2005 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Computers Are Your Future © 2006 Prentice-Hall, Inc.
Chapter 3 Applications Software: Getting the Work Done.
Computer Skills Preparatory Year Presented by: L.Obead Alhadreti.
Application Software: Essentials for knowledge workers
Computers Are Your Future Eleventh Edition Chapter 5: Application Software: Tools for Productivity Copyright © 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. Publishing.
Professor Michael J. Losacco CIS 1110 – Using Computers Application Software Chapter 3.
I Information Systems Technology Ross Malaga 3 "Part I Understanding Information Systems Technology" Copyright © 2005 Prentice Hall, Inc. 3-1 SOFTWARE.
TEST REFLECTION CHAPTER 9 & 10. QUESTION 1 A spreadsheet is an application program you can use for working with numbers and doing math. False Look up.
1 Chapter 6 Understanding Computers, 11 th Edition Software Ownership Rights Software license: agreement, either included in a software package or displayed.
Lesson 4 Computer Software
© 2016_lecuture by ataur Subject: Design and Editing Md. Ataur Rahman Instructor (Design and Printing) M.CSE, B.CSE Graphic Arts Institute.
Copyright © 2003 Prentice Hall, IncSlides created by Bob Koziel.
© 2020 SlidePlayer.com Inc. All rights reserved.