Presentation on theme: "Bioenergy and rural areas What about multifunctionality? European Countryside Movement Seminar Brussels, European Parliament, 7 November 2007."— Presentation transcript:
Bioenergy and rural areas What about multifunctionality? European Countryside Movement Seminar Brussels, European Parliament, 7 November 2007
New Energy Plan for Europe On 10 th January the Commission set out a “Renewable Energy Roadmap” –Binding 20% target for overall share of Renewable Energy in 2020 to be shared amongst MS. –Binding 10% target for the share of biofuels in petrol and diesel in each MS in 2020. Package endorsed by Heads of State and European Parliament Commission now drafting the legislative proposals to turn the roadmap into a new “Renewables Directive”
Can the EU meet its targets? Yes - Agriculture and forest potential - Bioethanol - Biodiesel
Production potential of EU 27 agriculture The EU might have to reduce its production by 7,5 million tonnes by 2010/2011, i.e. 900 000 ha of sugarbeet out of the total area of some 2,2 million ha in EU 25 (source: CIBE). 4 million ha set-aside land available in EU 15. Increase of agricultural productivity in NMS. Agricultural land in Romania and Bulgaria. Market trends for export and animal feedstuffs. Broad range of raw materials to supply biofuels production.
Production potential of EU 27 forest Sustainable Forest Management Total annual increment of 600 million m 3 60-65 % of the annual increment harvested At this moment it is possible to increase sustainable annual felling considerably, and there is additional potential, especially if combined with management operations to raise productivity MOBILISATION efforts are identified as the keys to meet the increased demand And so are IMPROVED SILVICULTURAL measures
Cereals for bioethanol 2006/2007: 3.5 million tonnes out of 264 million tonnes 2007/2008: 5 million tonnes out of 258 millions tonnes There has been 0 price impact on cereal prices from EU biofuel production so far. Biofuel use only accounts for 1.5% of EU cereals’ tonnage
And – over the long term - recent wheat price increase but a blip Source: AGPB
DG AGRI Prospects for agricultural markets and income in the EU 2007-2014 (July 2007) –We would need the equivalent of 59mt of cereals to meet the 10% target. –Assuming a productivity increase of 1% per year between now and 2020 – that would give an additional 38mt. –On top of that there would be between 14 and 17mt from the use of set-aside land. –Not to mention a possible shift of some exports to biofuel production
BIODIESEL : a strong development - EU 27 objectives not out of reach - EOA – July 12th, 2007 12 Hyp : Diesel fuel cons : 175 MnT in 2020
Rapeseed is developing in EU and neighbouring countries Mn Ha20052007Agronomical potential Total EU 274,66,28,4 Germany1,31,51,8 France1,21,52 UK0,50,60,7 Poland0,50,71,2 Romania0,10,30,7 Russia0,250,71,5 Ukraine0,20,81,2 EOA – July 12th, 2007 13
Production : already increased by 5 MnT – a potential of 15 MnT additionnal EOA – July 12th, 2007 14
What about rapeseed oil ? - EU used to export 1MnT - Will have to import 1 MnT EOA – July 12th, 2007 15
Meals : an opportunity for feed improved protein meals self-sufficiency EOA – July 12th, 2007 16 Meals of rapeseed, sunflower and soya
There will be a statutory system for Biofuel sustainability in the legislative proposals with minimum standards: –GHG savings from biofuels –avoidance of major carbon stock loss –avoidance of major biodiversity loss.
COPA-COGECA’s views Equivalent requirements for biofuels imported from Third Countries Equivalent requirements in Third Countries must be approved by community authorities like in other sectors (organic farming)
R&D Optimise production system and broaden the used feedstocks types (second generation) Improve the conversion process of biodiesel and the bioethanol fermentation Implementation of the biorefinery process in order to obtain value-added from co-products.
COPA-COGECA work goes on Fuel quality Directive: –Derogation for the direct incorporation of bioethanol of 8 kPa –The total oxygen compound content of 3.7% m/m must be increased to 4% m/m –The target imposed on fuel suppliers to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from fuel by 1% annually from 2011 must be replaced with a mandatory annual biofuel incorporation target. –The reports on greenhouse gas emission monitoring required of fuel suppliers from 2009 must be replaced with reports on biofuels. –A specification applicable to E 85 in compliance with already existing national standards must be added.
COPA-COGECA work goes on Standards –Maintain EN 14214 Standard –Incorporation of 10 % EN14214 biodiesel in diesel EN 590 –Incorporation of 10 % bioethanol in gasoline => revision of EN228
COPA-COGECA work goes on Trade –Maintain EU import duties –Multilateral import quota –Stop to the double subsidy on B99
COPA-COGECA work goes on Wood mobilisation –Strengthen co-operation and capacity-building (forest co-operatives and forest owner associations) –Support of infrastructure and technical development –Support of management operations –Build-up of functioning markets for bioenergy –Bring bioenergy production closer to local energy consumption –Research and development (harvesting technology e.g.) –Safeguard ownership rights
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