3 KremlinMoscow was founded in 1147 by the prince Yury Dolgoruky. The Moscow Kremlin is located in the centre of the capital of Russia and it is a historical centre of Moscow. The Kremlin is the heart of our capital. The history of its buildings dates back to the 11th century. There are 20 towers on the top of the Moscow Kremlin. The Kremlin wall stretches for 2 km and 200 m and it is 5m high. It looks great.
4 Being unique monument of the architecture, it is historically considered as the symbol not only in the capital, but also in the whole Russia. The most beautiful is Spasskaya Tower which is famous for its architecture.
6 Red squareis the heart of our capital. It is the oldest and the most beautiful square in Moscow. It was build at the end of the XV century. People from all parts of the world come here. They see the Kremlin with its famous monuments and museums.
10 The Architectral centre Red Square was for a long time the public meeting place. There is a well-known monument to Minin and Pozharsky here. The sound of Kremlin Clock is known to all those who listen to the Moscow radio.
14 Across Moscow flows the Moskva-river Across Moscow flows the Moskva-river. The Kremlin was a magnificent fortress made of red brick with high walls and lots of churches on its territory. The Kremlin is the seat of the Government.
16 The history of the Kremlin began in the X-th century The history of the Kremlin began in the X-th century. The Kremlin’s main function in the past was to defend the population from the enemies. The ancient Kremlin was rebuilt a lot of times. After two centuries the wooden walls built by Prince Youri Dolgoruky were replaced by a fortification of thick oak logs in the reign of Ivan Kalita.
17 A new white-stone Kremlin was founded in the reign of Dmitry Donscoy in the XIV-th century. At that time the Kremlin was one of the mightiest fortresses in Europe. Its brick walls and towers have been preserved to our time.
18 The main Kremlin tower, the Spasskaya Tower The main Kremlin tower, the Spasskaya Tower. has become the symbol of the country. On the territory of the Kremlin you can see old cathedrals, the Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the Palace of Congresses, the Tzar-Cannon and the Tzar-Bell, the biggest cannon and bell in the world
19 There is the History Museum in Red Square There is the History Museum in Red Square. Its Collections tell us interesting stories about the history of our country and the life of its people from old times to our days. People like to come to Red Square and take pictures of it.