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CA Multi-Tiered System of Supports

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Presentation on theme: "CA Multi-Tiered System of Supports"— Presentation transcript:

1 CA Multi-Tiered System of Supports
Facilitative Leadership * * Continuous Improvement * Aligned Systems * Capacity Building curriculum instruction Few Some All assessment

2 Multi-Tiered System of Supports
A Comprehensive Framework for Implementing the California Common Core State Standards Professional Learning Module Series Unit 1: What is a Multi-Tiered System of Supports? d Unit 2: Data-based Decision Making Unit 3: Instructional Planning and Supports Unit 4: Leadership for Implementation of MTSS

3 Learning Objectives By the end of this unit, you will be able to:
State the rationale for data-based decision making in MTSS Define and describe the importance of universal screening and progress monitoring Identify resources for screening and progress monitoring Describe strategies for analyzing data to guide intervention

4 Unit 1 Take Away Activity
Multi-Tier System of Support (MTSS) By: Orla Higgins Averill, Claudia Rinaldi, Urban Special Education Leadership Collaborative Using the graphic organizer in your Unit 2 Participant Packet, note: Features of RtI Features of PBIS Features of MTSS Steps necessary to bring MTSS to scale Talking Points: In order to more clearly understand the components of MTSS and the implementation process that will be highlighted in Unit 2, this Take Away Activity, will provide you with greater insight into the larger structural framework of supports that MTSS provides as well as a clearer understanding of the steps necessary to bring MTSS to scale at your school site. As you read the article, using the graphic organizer in your training packet, note the features of RtI, PBIS and MTSS. What steps are necessary for bringing MTSS to scale? Facilitator’s Notes Direct participant to handout #____, and instruct them to take notes and respond to the questions in the graphic organizer following the text of the article.

5 Review of Unit 1 Take Away Activity
RtI Universal screening of all students Multiple tiers of intervention service delivery Problem-solving method Data-based decision making PBIS Multi-tiered, data-based approach to behavioral supports Utilizes integrated data collection and an assessment system to make informed decisions at each tier of service delivery MTSS Leverages the principles of RtI and PBIS Further integrates a continuum of system-wide resources, strategies, structures, and practices to offer a comprehensive and responsive framework for systemically addressing barriers to student learning Bringing MTSS to Scale Requires all district staff to change the way they have traditionally worked. Script: Features of RTI - practice of providing high-quality, multi-tier instruction and interventions matched to students’ needs, monitoring student progress frequently to make decisions about instructional methods, and evaluating routinely collected data on student progress to determine the need to refer for special education support • universal screening of all students, • multiple tiers of intervention service delivery, • a problem-solving method, and • an integrated data collection and assessment system to inform decisions at each tier of service delivery. Features of PBIS - preventative behavioral instruction is delivered to the whole school population in an effort to foster a positive school climate. • multi-tier, data-based approach to service delivery utilizing integrated data collection and assessment system to inform decisions at each tier of service delivery. • first tier includes teaching and reinforcing a set of appropriate behaviors within the whole school; • second tier efficiently activates behavioral interventions for students who do not respond to core instruction; and • third tier involves intensive, individualized behavior support plans for students who do not respond to primary or secondary prevention support

6 Time to Reflect Reflecting on your district or school
What data for academics and behavior is being consistently collected? How is that data currently being used to guide services and supports? What additional data would be helpful to you as you plan to deliver instruction?

7 Essential RtI Components

8 Essential Concepts CA MTSS RtI2 Addresses the needs of ALL Students
Universal screening Multiple tiers of intervention Data-driven decision making Problem solving teams Focus on CCSS Aligns the entire system of initiatives, supports, and resources Implements continuous improvement processes at all levels of the system

9 Data-Based Decision Making: It’s Not Just For Individual Students
District Level Objective data on student progress is used to Guide curriculum improvement Help educators recommend innovations and make decisions on how to sustain practices Support targeting services and supports across schools Guide the allocation of resources for professional development

10 District Level Box and Whisker Graph
90th %ile 200 75th %ile 50th %ile 175 25th %ile 150 10th %ile 100 Target 75 School A School B 50 School C 25 School D School E Composite Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3

11 Data-Based Decision Making: It’s Not Just For Individual Students
School Site Level Objective data on student progress is used to Examine school and grade level trends Help determine the effectiveness of the curriculum and the fidelity of the instructional delivery

12 School Level Analyzing Growth by Ethnic Groups
140 Caucasian 120 Unidentified 100 Target Scores Words Read Correctly 80 Hispanic/Latino 60 African American 40 Asian 20 Fall Winter Spring

13 Data-Based Decision Making: It’s Not Just For Individual Students
Grade/Course Level Identify trends in academic and social/behavioral areas in order to: Adjust instruction Evaluate the effectiveness of the curriculum at that grade level Set grade level goals Identify students who need additional assessment or instruction

14 Grade Level Analyzing Effects of Changes to Instruction
Did Not Meet Criteria (Need More Intense Intervention) 100 90 80 15 70 32 Percent 60 47 Did Not Meet Criteria (Need Some Intervention) 50 40 30 53 53 53 80 20 Met Criteria for Established Benchmark 10 Fall Winter Spring

15 Universal Screening Evaluates whether students are on an appropriate learning trajectory Conducted with all students Answers the questions Is the core curriculum and instruction effective for all students? What additional assessments and/or instructional supports might be needed? Addresses both academic and behavioral performance

16 Academic Achievement Screening
Purpose Identify which students might need additional supports Focus All students Tools Brief, valid, reliable, and evidence-based Timeframe Multiple times a year Typically fall, winter, and spring

17 Behavior Screening Attendance Grades Discipline referrals
Teacher checklists Teacher referrals

18 Cut Score A score on a screening test that divides students who are considered potentially “at risk” from those who are considered not “at risk” Cut scores used to identify students as “at risk” may not be the same Method used to identify students who need supplemental support (National Center on Response to Intervention)

19 Establishing Cut Scores
(National Center on Response to Intervention)

20 Establishing Cut Scores
Educationally relevant Based on logical practices Based on the likelihood of demonstrated mastery of core testing Benchmark testing Teams should ask: Do the screening tools we are using include national norms to establish cut scores? Do we have local norms from our own assessments that could be used as cut scores?

21 Benefits of District-Established Cut Scores
May lead to more effective and efficient allocation of resources Allows district education teams to: Target schools with the greatest need Identify effective approaches for scaling up in other sites Make decisions about resources that are based on data Make decisions about resource allocation that are relevant and timely

22 Benefits of District-Established Cut Scores
Increased use of data by schools and teachers Common message and focused activities Expectations across sites are clear and consistent Focus is on progress Increased access to supplemental supports

23 Universal Screening Resources
Screening Tools Chart: (National Center of Response to Intervention)

24 Progress Monitoring Systematic method for tracking and comparing learning progression through data collection Involves a set of assessment procedures that determine the extent to which students are benefitting from instruction Evaluates the effectiveness of instruction Can be implemented with individual students or an entire class

25 Progress Monitoring Purpose Focus Tools Timeframe
Monitor students’ response to interventions in order to Estimate rates of improvement Identify students who are not making progress Compare the success of different forms of instruction Focus Students who have been identified as “at risk” through the screening process Tools Brief, valid, reliable, and evidence-based Timeframe Monthly, weekly, or biweekly

26 Student Progress Data Should answer the following questions:
Are students making progress at an acceptable rate that will allow them to meet the content standards? Are students meeting both short-term and long-term performance goals? Can the effectiveness of the intervention be supported by data and graphed? Does the instruction or intervention need to be adapted or changed?

27 Types of Progress Monitoring
Diagnostic Conducted before instruction Measure current knowledge and skills for the purpose of planning instruction Formative Conducted during instruction Tell how well students are responding to instruction Summative Conducted after instruction Tell what a student has learned

28 Identify Students Not Making Adequate Progress
Increasing Scores: Flat Scores: X Goal line Trend line X Goal line Trend line X X X X (NCRTI “What Is Progress Monitoring?” module 2012)

29 Progress Monitoring Resources
Progress Monitoring Tools: (National Center of Response to Intervention)

30 Types of Decisions The Site Implementation Leadership Team asks:
How effective is the instruction? What instructional changes need to be made? Are the supports provided in Tiers 2 and 3 successful for individual students? When should the team recommend additional assessments for possible identification of a disability? How does the team know the overall effectiveness of the core curriculum, instruction for all students, interventions, and the MTSS framework?

31 Decision Making Routines & Procedures
The District Implementation Leadership Team should establish “Non-negotiable” areas in order to establish equity and consistency across the district Site level procedures and routines for the grade/course level teams to use when conducting data reviews Decision making processes Explicit decision rules for assessing student progress

32 Explicit Decision Rules
Define what will guide the team when Less than 80% have reached the cut score Lack of progress is evident Student progress varies by target group Decision rules should be established at all levels

33 Data Reviews Conduct data reviews at logical, predetermined intervals
Schedule data reviews prior to the beginning of instruction Use established meeting structures Involve relevant team members

34 Problem-Solving Process
“…Problem-solving is a self-correcting, decision-making model focused on academic and/or behavioral intervention development and monitoring using frequently collected, measurable data on student performance. The problem-solving process should be rich in data collected, and can be repeated as necessary.” (The New Hampshire Response to Instruction Framework, 2012)

35 Continuous Improvement Problem-Solving Process
1. Plan 2. Do 3. Study 4. Act 5. Communicate

36 1. Plan Collect and analyze data Define the problem
Develop a plan of action Define the evidence-based interventions that will be used Assign responsibilities to individual team members Identify the necessary materials and resources Create an implementation timeline

37 2. Do Implement the plan with fidelity
Collect progress monitoring data to determine academic and behavioral success Examine the fidelity of the implementation

38 3. Study Analyze the progress monitoring data collected to determine the fidelity of implementation Determine if The student is making sufficient progress The instruction or intervention is effective

39 4. Act Make any necessary refinements to the plan to improve the chance of success Might involve Increasing the intensity of intervention Adjusting resources Increasing expectations Deciding that the student will benefit from less intensive intervention

40 5. Communicate Routine and frequent information sharing
Communicate successes, challenges and lessons learned All teams have information that is useful in ensuring that MTSS is effective and sustainable

41 Take Away Activity Reflect on the data-driven instructional planning elements in your setting: How do universal screening and progress monitoring occur? Are teams established to examine student data in academics and behavior? Are team members trained in problem-solving processes to guide decisions?

42 Time to Reflect What did you learn in Unit 2?
What questions do you have?

43 Unit 3 Preview Instructional practice Universal design for learning
Differentiated instruction Accommodations Modifications

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