Presentation on theme: "Which statement do you agree with? A)A stronger country has the right to take over a weaker country. B)A stronger country should never interfere with weaker."— Presentation transcript:
Which statement do you agree with? A)A stronger country has the right to take over a weaker country. B)A stronger country should never interfere with weaker countries. C) A stronger country should use its strength to help weaker countries. D) A stronger country should use its strength to gain the most economic advantages possible from weaker countries.
9-1: Building Overseas Empires Vocabulary Empire – Group of states/countries under one rule. Imperialism – Process of forming an empire by creating colonies. – Domination of one country over another Colony – A settlement of people who leave their country to go live in a new land. Protectorate – Country that is controlled economically by another Sphere of influence – Area in which an outside country claims trading privileges. – Note to Staples- start reading ch 9 sec 1 packet summary
Imperialism Imperialism in 1492 – European countries began conquering Land in the Americas Europe Americas Western CivilizationNon Western Civilization
New Imperialism, 1800s Causes of New Imperialism 1.Industrial Revolution (2) – MONEY – New consumers to sell products to. 2.Military/Nationalism (3) –Military bases around the world – For national security –More land = More Power
Causes continued 3.Humanitarian and Religious Goals (2) Goal to help people medically Convert people to Christianity 4.Social Darwinism (3) –“Survival of the Fittest” – Racial superiority –Belief that White race is the best race and should dominate weaker races.
“White Man’s Burden” by Rudyard Kipling Take up the White Man’s burden— Send forth the best ye breed— Go, bind your sons to exile To serve your captives’ need; To wait, in heavy harness, On fluttered folk and wild— Your new-caught sullen peoples, Half-devil and half-child. Take up the White Man's burden— In patience to abide, To veil the threat of terror And check the show of pride; By open speech and simple, An hundred times made plain, To seek another's profit And work another's gain. White mans job to bring “civilization” to other countries
Industrial Revolution Source for Raw Materials Markets for Finished Goods European Nationalism Missionary Activity RELIGION Military & Naval Bases European Motives For Colonization Places to Dump Unwanted/ Excess Popul. Soc.& Eco. Opportunities Humanitarian Reasons European Racism “White Man’s Burden” Social Darwinism
Reasons for Rapid Spread of Imperialism European Countries – Strong economies – Stable governments – Superior Military Maxim Machine Gun Technology and Medicine African and Asian Countries – Opposite of Europe Weak economies Unstable govts. Weak military – No new weapons – No new technology Don’t copy
Imperial Rule Direct rule Sending officials and soldiers to rule colonies directly. » French Practiced direct rule Indirect rule Using local rulers to control colony – Local rulers are controlled by ruling country. – British practiced Indirect rule British French
In a protectorate, local rulers control colony, but obey European advisors Sphere of Influence – Countries claim an area for investment or trading The US had a sphere of influence over Latin America