Presentation on theme: "Working with adolescent girls who display harmful sexual behaviour Denise Moultrie."— Presentation transcript:
Working with adolescent girls who display harmful sexual behaviour Denise Moultrie
The Taith Service Established in 2000 Specialist service for children and young people with Sexually harmful behaviours, (8-21 years) Dedicated staff team and expert consultancy Work with circa 120 young people per year Over 1000 referrals The Taith Service accepts referrals across Wales
Girls with sexually harmful behaviour 11% referral rate Taith (2011/ 12) Big Innovation lottery funding 2012-15
Research Limited research available in regards to assessment of adolescent females – however, growing body in regards to adult females – still small comparisons to adolescent males. May be due to relatively fewer females reported to display sexually harmful behaviour as compared to males.
Considerable variations regarding the numbers of females who display sexually harmful behaviour – ranging from 5% (Hislop) 2001 to 40% (Risin & Koss)1987, males who were incarcerated for sexual offences. Also socio-cultural resistance in acknowledging females as abusive as opposed to caring/ nurturing, or vulnerable victims. May lead to under reporting
Problem definition Considerable information and models of why men, women and boys sexually assault others Currently no basic systematic information on girls who sexually harm others Current interventions with girls based on models of why boys, particularly, commit sexual assaults
What do we think we know about girls and SHB? Own victimisation may be higher Trauma, PTSD more prevalent-impact on mental health Relational development is important Parental, particularly maternal relationship is key Exposure to domestic abuse, parental abuse leads to negative beliefs about self/ relationships
Early maturation, risk of increased sexualisation/ exploitation No one single motivation to offend ADHD/ conduct problems more likely to be undiagnosed Relational or other aggressive behaviour present
Typologies Limited studies regarding typologies of adolescent females who display sexually harmful behaviour - (Matthew et al ) 1997 described 3 subtypes. Those who are acting out their own abuse for other reason other than to gain power/ control.
Those who abuse out of curiosity Those who are psychosexually/ psychiatrically disturbed – usually high levels of trauma May also apply to males
One size does not fit all! Like adult male, adult female and adolescent boys, girls who display SHB are a heterogeneous group Assessment should be about this girl with good case formulation Although… there may be some common risk and protective factors
Assessment approach STATIC RISK Unchangeable factors in a young person’s life DYNAMIC RISK Factors that are changeable over time
Static factors Adult information (Beckett) 2006
Psychometrics Used with children and young people aged 12+ Sufficient reading and comprehension Assess factors such as self esteem, emotional loneliness, general empathy, sexual knowledge, victim impact, cognitive distortions Attitudes towards females, endorsement of violence Standardised on non offending populations, adolescent males and adult females
Specific objectives of girls’ project Develop standardised assessment measures Develop treatment manual Evaluation of treatment manual Increased awareness through training of professionals and publication of project findings
Group task What aspects of sex education/ sex and relationships education might girls with sexually harmful behaviour particularly benefit from? What other areas of health related input might be particularly relevant?
Feedback Any questions firstname.lastname@example.org Thank you