13 Causes - 10What was the first cause that lead to the Revolutionary War? How did that lead to the Revolutionary War?
14 Causes Answer – 10 The French and Indian War It cost Britain a lot of money
15 Causes - 20Why did King George III tax the colonists? What was the first tax he imposed?
16 Causes Answer – 20To pay for the French and Indian WarThe Stamp Act
17 What was the Stamp Act? How did the colonists respond to this? Causes - 30What was the Stamp Act? How did the colonists respond to this?
18 Causes Answer – 30 A tax on anything printed on paper Colonists boycotted (refuse to buy, sell, or use certain goods) British goods
19 Causes - 40Why did the colonists refuse to buy or sell the tea from the East India Tea Company even though it was cheaper than the smuggled (illegally imported and not taxed) tea? (Give 2 reasons)
20 Causes Answer – 40Colonists still didn’t want to pay a tax they hadn’t agreed toDidn’t want only 1 company to control the tea trade
21 Causes - 50What happened at the Boston Tea Party and why? What was the punishment King George gave the Colonists for the Boston Tea Party?
22 Causes Answer – 50Colonists refused to buy or sell the tea from the East India Tea Company and Britain refused to take it back so it sat in the Boston harbor unloaded. Sons of Liberty boarded ships illegally and threw tea into the Boston HarborKing George punished the colonists with the Coercive Acts/ Intolerable Acts
23 Battles - 10Why did the Battle of Lexington and Concord happen? Why was it important?
24 Battles Answer – 10The British soldiers heard that the patriots (colonists who opposed British rule) were storing gun powder and cannons in ConcordBritish traveled to Concord to destroy the supplies and search for hidden weaponsIt showed the Patriots that they needed an army
25 Battles - 20What happened at the Battles of Lexington and Concord? What was the result?
26 Battles Answer – 20British went to Concord to search for hidden weaponsMinutemen (people who received special training for battle) forced them to turn back toward BostonOn the way back, colonists shot at British from behind trees and stone wallsResult: More than 250 British soldiers were hurt and killed before they got to Boston
27 Why was the battle of Yorktown important? (Give 2 reasons) Battles - 30Why was the battle of Yorktown important? (Give 2 reasons)
28 Battles Answer – 30 Last big battle of the war Victory meant that America had won the war and their independence
29 Battles - 40Which battle was the turning point of the war? What happened and why was it the turning point?
30 Battles Answer – 40 Battle of Saratoga Americans won & forced 5,000 British soldiers to surrenderThis war was a turning point b/c it convinced the French that America could winFrance became our ally and sent money, soldiers, and powerful navy to help the Americans. They also taught the Americans to march together and use their weapons properly (our army was new at this point)
31 What happened at the Battle of Yorktown? Battles - 50What happened at the Battle of Yorktown?
32 Battles Answer – 50British went to Yorktown b/c it was located between 2 rivers. They thought it would make it easy to get troops and supplies to the BritishWashington’s army (Continental Army) and French navy met them at YorktownFrench navy blocked Yorktown harbor so the British ships couldn’t rescue the British army.British were trapped, had no way to escapeBritish surrendered (gave up)
33 Dec. of Ind. - 10Part 2 of the Declaration of Independence explained that all people are born with natural rights (freedoms protected by the government’s laws) that no one can take away. It also said “all men are created equal.” What does this mean?
34 Dec. of Ind. Answer – 10“all men are created equal” means that everyone should have the same rights
35 Dec. of Ind. - 20Part 2 of the Declaration of Independence explained that all people are born with natural rights (freedoms protected by the government’s laws) that no one can take away. What did it say the people have the right to do if the government does not protect these rights?
36 Dec. of Ind. Answer – 20Said the government should protect these rights or the people have the right to start a new government
37 Dec. of Ind. - 30Part five of the Declaration of Independence has the delegates’ signatures. Out of the people we studied, who were the people who signed the Declaration of Independence? (There were 3 who signed) Why was it a big deal that they signed?
38 Dec. of Ind. Answer – 30 Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Ben Franklin Signing was risky because they could be charged with treason (fighting against your own government)
39 Dec. of Ind. - 40Part 3 of the Declaration of Independence listed many ways King George III had abused his power (complaints against him). What are three ways King George III had abused his power?
40 Dec. of Ind. Answer – 40 Taken away the colonists’ rights Forced taxes on themSent soldiers to control them
41 Why was the Declaration of Independence so important? (Give 2 reasons) Dec. of Ind. - 50Why was the Declaration of Independence so important? (Give 2 reasons)
42 Dec. of Ind. Answer – 50It declared the colonies independent from Britain (part 4)Marked the moment when Americans chose to rule themselves
43 Who were the Patriots and the Loyalists? Vocabulary - 10Who were the Patriots and the Loyalists?
44 Vocabulary Answer – 10 Patriots - colonists who opposed British rule Loyalists – People who were loyal to King George III