3 Know the Difference!!! POET: the poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKER: the speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poemFORM: the appearance of the words on the pageLINE: a group of words together on one line of the poemSTANZA: a group of lines arranged together
4 Kinds of StanzasCouplet = a two line stanza Triplet (Tercet) = a three line stanza Quatrain = a four line stanza Quintet = a five line stanza Sestet (Sextet) = a six line stanza Septet = a seven line stanza Octave = an eight line stanza
6 RhythmMeter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern.FOOT - unit of meter.A foot can have two or three syllables.Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables.
7 Types of FEETThe types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables.iambic - unstressed, stressedtrochaic - stressed, unstressedanapestic - unstressed, unstressed, stresseddactylic - stressed, unstressed, unstressed
8 Kinds of Metrical Lines monometer = one foot on a linedimeter = two feet on a linetrimeter = three feet on a linetetrameter = four feet on a linepentameter = five feet on a linehexameter = six feet on a lineheptameter = seven feet on a lineoctometer = eight feet on a line
9 Free VerseUnlike metered poetry, free verse poetry does NOT have any repeating patterns of stressed and unstressed syllables, no rhythm.Does NOT have rhyme.Free verse poetry is very conversational - sounds like someone talking with you.A more modern type of poetry.
10 Blank VerseWritten in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme.from Julius CeasarCowards die many times before their deaths;The valiant never taste of death but once.Of all the wonders that I yet have heard,It seems to me most strange that men should fear;Seeing that death, a necessary end,Will come when it will come.
11 RhymeWords sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.LAMPSTAMPShare the short “a” vowel soundShare the combined “mp” consonant sound
12 End RhymeA word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line (check for rhyme scheme)Hector the CollectorCollected bits of string.Collected dolls with broken headsAnd rusty bells that would not ring.
13 Rhyme SchemeUse the letters of the alphabet to represent sounds to be able to visually “see” the pattern.“The Germ” by Ogden NashA mighty creature is the germ,Though smaller than the pachyderm.His customary dwelling placeIs deep within the human race.His childish pride he often pleasesBy giving people strange diseases.Do you, my poppet, feel infirm?You probably contain a germ.abc
14 Near Rhyme a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTHROSELOSEDifferent vowel sounds (long “o” and “oo” sound)Share the same consonant sound
15 Eye RhymeA rhyme which looks like a rhyme but does NOT actually sound alike.Ex.Seat, greatWind, kindSome are only eye rhymes today because we have change the way we pronounce the word.Ex. Love, prove.
16 Onomotopoeia Words that imitate the sound they are naming BUZZ OR sounds that imitate another sound“The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling ofeach purple curtain . . .”
17 Alliteration Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
18 Consonance Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . . The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words“silken, sad, uncertain, rustling . ..”
19 (All share the long “a” sound.) AssonanceRepeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry.(Often creates near rhyme.)Lake Fate Base Fade(All share the long “a” sound.)
21 Lyric A short poem Usually written in first person point of view Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene (“Upon a Spider Catching a Fly” is a lyric poem.)Does not tell a story and is often musical(Many of the poems we read will be lyrics.)
22 Limerick a witty, humorous, or nonsense poem five-line anapestic meter (lines 1, 2, and 5 = 3 feet of syllables; lines 3 and 4=2 feet of 3 syllables)strict rhyme scheme (AABBA)There once was |a teacher|at FranklinWhose students|all needed|a spankin’,But because|of the ruleOf no pad|dling in school,She resolved|to just take|up drankin’.
23 Narrative Poetry A poem that tells a story. Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry because the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.
24 Concrete Poems l(a le af fa ll s) one l iness e.e. cummings The arrangement on the page recreates a graphic image such as a heart, bell, cross, etc.Bye.e. cummings