Presentation on theme: "+ SHAKESPEARE AND LANGUAGE. + 1 December 2010: Do Now END RHYME INTERNAL RHYME NEAR/SLANT RHYME ONOMATOPOEIA ALLITERATION CONSONANCE ASSONANCE METAPHOR."— Presentation transcript:
+ 1 December 2010: Do Now END RHYME INTERNAL RHYME NEAR/SLANT RHYME ONOMATOPOEIA ALLITERATION CONSONANCE ASSONANCE METAPHOR SIMILE HYPERBOLE Which of the following literary terms and poetic conventions can you identify?
+ END RHYME A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line I know you’re tired and just had lunch But if you’re not awake in class There’s a very good chance You will not pass.
+ INTERNAL RHYME A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line. Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered weak and weary. From “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
+ NEAR/SLANT RHYME a.k.a imperfect rhyme, close rhyme, slant rhyme The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTH ROSE LOSE á Different vowel sounds (long “o” and “oo” sound) á Share the same consonant sound
+ ONOMATOPOEIA Words that imitate the sound they are naming BUZZ ZAP POP! CRACK
+ ALLITERATION Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
+ CONSONANCE Similar to alliteration EXCEPT... The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words “silken, sad, uncertain, rustling.. “
+ ASSONANCE Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. (Often creates near rhyme.) LakeFateBaseFade (All share the long “a” sound.)
+ ASSONANCE cont. Examples of ASSONANCE: “Shall ever medicine thee to that sweet sleep.” - William Shakespeare
2 December 2010: DO NOW Does the type of language people use change based on… Location? Age? Social situations? Socio-economic status? Can you think of examples? WHY or WHY NOT? Does the type of language people use change based on… Location? Age? Social situations? Socio-economic status? Can you think of examples? WHY or WHY NOT?
+ The language used by Shakespeare in his plays is in one of three forms: BLANK VERSE RHYMED VERSE PROSE The language used by Shakespeare in his plays is in one of three forms: BLANK VERSE RHYMED VERSE PROSE
+ written or spoken language in its ordinary form, without metrical structure
+ BLANK VERSE = unrhymed iambic pentameter Meter: a recognizable rhythm in a line of verse consisting of a pattern of regularly recurring stressed and unstressed syllables. Iamb: a particular type of metric "foot" consisting of two syllablefoot an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable ("da DUM”) An unstressed syllable is conventionally represented by a curved line resembling a smile (a U is as close as I can get here). A stressed syllable is conventionally represented by a /. Thus, an iamb is conventionally represented U /.
+ METER A pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables. Meter occurs when the stressed and unstressed syllables of the words in a poem are arranged in a repeating pattern. When poets write in meter, they count out the number of stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables for each line. Then they repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
+ Foot/feet: a metric "foot" refers to the combination of a strong stress and the associated weak stress (or stresses) that make up the recurrent metric unit of a line of verse. FOOT - unit of meter. A foot can have two or three syllables. Usually consists of one stressed and one or more unstressed syllables. TYPES OF FEET The types of feet are determined by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables. Iambic - unstressed, stressed Cowards die many times before their deaths
+ Kinds of Metrical Lines monometer=one foot on a line dimeter=two feet on a line trimeter =three feet on a line tetrameter=four feet on a line Pentameter=five feet on a line=10 syllables hexameter=six feet on a line Heptameter=seven feet on a line octometer=eight feet on a line The valiant never taste of death but once.
+ BLANK VERSE POETRY Written in lines of iambic pentameter, but does NOT use end rhyme. from Julius Ceasar Of all the wonders that I yet have heard, It seems to me most strange that men should fear; Seeing that death, a necessary end,
+ Shakespearian Drama Example of Blank Verse U / U / U / U / U / But soft.|What light| through yon|der win|dow breaks? It is the east, and Juliet the sun!
+ For HW: Write a minimum ten line poem in blank verse. The first line of the poem should be broken down to show meter and feet. This is due Monday, December 6th