What Is An Accident? An unplanned, unexpected, unwanted event that –Disrupts normal operations –May or may not cause property damage or personal injury
What is an Accident Prevention Program (APP)? A plan of action to: –ID and correct existing & potential workplace hazards –prevent accidents –minimize their impact –prevent recurrence –protect life, limb, property
Basic Types Of Accidents Minor: little damage Paper cuts Dropping a box of supplies. Serious: major injury or property damage. Forklift dropping a load. Person falling off a ladder.
Basic Types Of Accidents “Accidents” that occur over a long period of time Hearing loss from long-term noise exposure Illness from chronic chemical exposure
“Near Miss” Accident AKA “Near Hit” or “Incident.” An accident that does not actually result in injury or damage (but could have). Shows something is wrong.
Basic Program Elements Management Commitment Employee Involvement Safe Work Practices Workplace Hazard Assessment
Basic Program Elements Accident Investigation Hazard Control Training Recordkeeping
Management Commitment A message from the top J John Smith
Management Commitment The motivating force: 1.Policy statement 2.Specific objectives 3.Assigned responsibilities 4.Management sets example 5.Commit resources
Resources to Support of APP Money TimePersonnel $
Roles and responsibilities: Safety committee membership Job Hazard Analysis Develop safe work procedures Report/correct hazards Self-inspections Help train new hires
Purposes of Safety Committees Present training exchange ideas, foster safe behavior, improve safety performance through collaboration and participation reinforce everyone’s responsibility to safety.
Review self inspections Evaluate equipment / work processes (JHA’s) Report department safety suggestions, facilitate employee participation Assist in solving safety problems. Assist in developing and implementing training Safety Committee Activities
Review incident / accident trends Conduct accident investigations Review old policies and procedures and assist in developing new ones Evaluate program effectiveness
Safety Rules General company safety rules such as: –Do not operate equipment for which you have not been trained. –Report all injuries to your supervisor Rules for specific tasks, e.g.: –Lab safety rules –Roofing fall protection rules
Disciplinary Policy In writing Communicated to workers Universally applied including management Fair and progressive enforcement Where’s his fall protection?
Training –Who? Management Employees –What? Basic orientation Specific machines, processes, skills –When? Before doing the work When duties work change When deficiencies are noted –Documentation Training content Attendance records
Employee Orientation Contents of overall program How to do job safely How to report hazards How to report accidents Emergency procedures Location of PPE, first aid, emergency facilities
Some OSHA Standards with Specific Training Requirements: Respirators and PPE Emergency Action and Emergency Response Lead Confined Space Fall Protection In Construction Lockout / Tagout Hazard Communication Bloodborne Pathogens
Types of Records Training logs Incident investigation reports Illness/injury logs Exposure monitoring records Medical records (maintain confidentiality) Safety meeting minutes Corrective action logs
Resources for More Help Insurance Companies www.osha.gov National Safety Council Onsite Consultation Program –Call to request “Volumes 1 through 6”