# Light and Color. Light interacting with matter When light hits matter, at least one of three things can happen: – Reflection When light bounces off an.

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Light and Color

Light interacting with matter When light hits matter, at least one of three things can happen: – Reflection When light bounces off an object – Absorption Transfer of light energy to matter – Makes things feel warmer – Transmission Passing of light through matter

What type of light interactions are taking place here?

You can’t see me! Three types of materials Translucent – matter that transmits light, but scatters it as well (you can only partially see through it) Transparent – matter through which light is easily transmitted (you can easily see through it) Opaque – matter that does not transmit any light (you can’t see through it)

Where do colors come from? Remember that we see different colors of light because light waves come in different wavelengths – The longest wavelengths of visible light is seen as red – The shortest wavelengths of visible light is seen as violet The color an object appears is determined by which wavelengths of light are able to reach your eyes, either through reflection or transmission

Color and opaque objects The colors of light that are reflected by an opaque object determine the color you see White light (the combination of all colors of light) strikes this sweater. All colors of light, except blue, are absorbed by the sweater. Blue light is reflected, so it reaches your eye and you see a blue sweater

What about black and white? White objects are white because they reflect all colors of light – The presence of all light = white Black objects are black because they absorb all colors of light – The absence of all light = black

Mixing Light You don’t have to mix all colors of light to get white light – You can just add red, blue and green light together – These are the primary colors of light Combining colors of light is called color addition

When you mix two primary colors of light, you get a secondary color (cyan, magenta or yellow)

Thanks for the compliment Complimentary colors are two colors that create white light when shining on a surface at the same time – Ex: blue and yellow Why are these complimentary (why do they produce white light?) What are other examples of complimentary colors?

What is this??? A close up of a tv screen – Tv screens are made up of little red, blue and green dots – When electrons hit them in certain combinations, you get the various colors on the screen

Are paint and light the same thing? Do you get white paint when you mix all of the other colors of paint? – No! so paint and light are not the same thing Paint colors come from pigments (materials that give substances color by absorbing some colors and reflecting others) – Ex: chlorophyll (green in plants) and melanin (skin coloring)

The primary pigments are cyan, magenta and yellow Every pigment absorbs at least one color of light As you mix pigments, more colors of light are absorbed so mixing them is called color subtraction What are the secondary pigments?

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