Presentation on theme: "EGYPT - Religion Gods and Godesses, Book of Dead, Spirit of Dead, Mummification, and the Afterlife."— Presentation transcript:
1 EGYPT - ReligionGods and Godesses, Book of Dead, Spirit of Dead, Mummification, and the Afterlife
2 Gods and Goddesses Ancient Egyptians worship of 2000 different gods Before Egypt was united their were 40 tribes all with different godsAfter all the Gods were kept, meaning many gods had similar characteristicsAnimals were considered the living images of the gods
3 How Gods Dress Tunic with suspenders. Dress with suspenders. The short loinclothThe short-sleeved overallThe full-length dress
4 Important Gods Ra (re) Sun God Appearance: A man with the head of a Hawk wearing a sun disk headdressHe was the most important GodThe ancient Egyptians believed that each night Ra was swallowed night by Nut, the sky goddess then reborn in the morning.
5 Important Gods Ma’at Appearance: A Woman with a feather on top of her headMa'at was the goddess of truth, justice and harmony.Ma’at was often associated with the balance of things on earth
6 Important Gods Thoth Appearance: A man with the head of an ibis holdinga writing paletteThoth was the god of knowledge and writingIt was said that he gave the gift of hieroglyphics
7 Important Gods Anubis Appearance: A Man with the head of a jackal Anubis was the god of embalming and the dead.Jackals were often seen found in cemeteries, because of this it was believed that Anubis watched over the dead.
8 Important Gods Horus Appearance: Man with the head of a hawk Horus was a god of the sky.He is the protector of the rulerof Egypt.It was believed that the pharaoh was the 'living Horus'.
9 Important Gods Osiris Appearance: A mummified man who is wearing a whiteheaddress with feathersOsiris was the god of the dead,and ruler of the Underworld.Osiris was also the god of vegetation (plant matter) that’s why he is green in appearance.
10 Important Gods Amun Appearance: A Man with a ram-head wearing an ostrich feather hatAmun was one of themost powerful gods inancient Egypt.At the height of Egyptian civilization he was called the 'King of the Gods'.
11 Important Gods Atum Appearance: Man with the double crown Atum was a creator god.It was belived that Atum wasthe first god to exist on earth.
12 BOOK OF THE DEAD (reu nu pert em hru) In Egyptian called reu nu pert em hru which translates into "The Book of Coming forth by Day"Contains spells, charms, passwords and numbers to help secure an easy passage for the deceased into the afterifeEgyptians believed that knowledge of the appropriate spells was essential to achieving happiness in the next lifeThe book of the Dead was first inscribed on the sarcophogaus of the deceased in 1600 BCE, then later written on papyrus paperThe book of dead inscribed on tomb weighing of the heart against Ma'at’s Feather
13 BOOK OF THE DEAD (reu nu pert em hru) there are many different versions of the Book of the Dead including:copies inscribed in the tombs of Kings from the fifth dynasty and edited by priests of Annuwritten on papyrus paper and organized into chapters containing only hieroglyphicsThe book of dead inscribed on tomb weighing of the heart against Ma'at’s Feather
14 BOOK OF THE DEAD (reu nu pert em hru) Spell 125 is one of the most well known segments which is the judging of the soul done by Osiris and his 42 judgesThe weighing of the heart against Ma'at is considered one of the more important chapters"Book of the Dead" meant to aid deceased in not dying a second time and becoming an akhThe book of dead inscribed on tomb weighing of the heart against Ma'at’s Feather
15 SPIRIT OF THE DEADEgyptians believe that each person is composed of three essential elements:ka (life force),ba (soul/personality),and the body in which the soul is keptKa, ba and akh are believed to be immortal aspects of the soul thus remaining alive inside the body after deathBaKa
16 SPIRIT OF THE DEADIn the Opening of the Mouth ceremony, the ba and ka are released into the next worldUpon death, the ba and ka become separated from the body but remain aliveBecause the body of the deceased is mummified, the body must rely on the ba to seek out the kaBa leaving the body
17 SPIRIT OF THE DEADDuring the night when Ra visits the underworld, the ba are allowed to freely roam butmust always return to the underworldbecause that is where the bodylies and the ba and body are partof the same beingIf the ba is successful in reuniting itselfwith the ka, it becomes an akh
18 SPIRIT OF THE DEAD If successful in becoming an akh, the akh inhabits the world afteras it is believed by the Egyptians thatthree kinds of beings inhabit the worldafter death: gods, the dead (thosewho's ba and ka have not been united)and akhsAkhs are believed to be the "spiritof the dead"