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Chapter 14 Careers in Therapeutic Exercise

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1 Chapter 14 Careers in Therapeutic Exercise
Chad Starkey Chapter 14 Careers in Therapeutic Exercise

2 Therapeutic Exercise Defined
Systematic and scientific application of exercise and movement experiences to develop or restore muscular strength, endurance, or flexibility; neuromuscular coordination; cardiovascular efficiency; and other health and performance factors Programmed physical activity aimed at improving or restoring the quality of life Classified as being rehabilitative or habilitative Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

3 Figure 14.1 Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

4 Goals of Therapeutic Exercise Professionals
To help people restore lost function (rehabilitative therapeutic exercise) or acquire skills and functions considered normal or expected (habilitative therapeutic exercise) Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

5 Types of Therapeutic Exercise
Rehabilitative therapeutic exercise refers to processes and treatments that restore skills or functions that were previously acquired but have been lost because of injury, disease, or behavioral traits. Habilitative therapeutic exercise refers to processes and treatments leading to the acquisition of skills and functions that are considered normal and expected for an individual of a certain age and status. Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

6 Therapeutic Exercise Focus
To help individuals who are experiencing physical dysfunction stemming from traumatic injury, congenital defects, or disease to regain the use of the affected body part or compensate for its disability Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

7 Rehabilitative Therapeutic Exercise
Exercise therapy for the rehabilitation of Musculoskeletal injuries Athletic injuries Postsurgical trauma Older populations Psychological disorders (mind–body relationship) Cardiopulmonary system Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

8 Habilitative Therapeutic Exercise
Exercise therapy for habilitation of Obese populations Children with developmental disorders General fitness Specialized performance (meet standards that exceed rather than merely meet those of the general population such as sport training, military boot camp, fire or police academy) Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

9 Sedentary Lifestyles Societal changes have negatively affected the health of a significant portion of the population. The information age has created a relatively sedentary group of people. Therapeutic exercise—even in the form of casual recreation—can offer a more balanced lifestyle. Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

10 Therapeutic Exercise Settings
Inpatient facilities Outpatient clinic settings Sport team settings Private practice Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

11 Overviews of Professions in Therapeutic Exercise
Credentials for each profession vary, overlap, and also change regularly. Pay careful attention to the changing required standards for employment for education, licensure, and so on. A strong science base and an active clinical education component are critical to your preparation and success. Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

12 Athletic Trainer Responsible for the prevention, evaluation, management, treatment, and rehabilitation of athletic injuries Education and credentials Certification through the Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education (CAATE); clinical experience required Employment opportunities High schools, colleges and universities, and professional sport teams, hospitals, sports medicine clinics, industrial rehabilitation clinics, and other allied medical environments Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

13 Clinical Exercise Physiologist
Cardiac, pulmonary, and metabolic disease care Exercise testing and prescription Program administration (continued) Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

14 Clinical Exercise Physiologist (continued)
Education and credentials Recommended undergraduate and graduate degree Specialized courses and certifications (ACSM) Exercise specialist (ES) Registered clinical exercise physiologist (RCEP) Required credentials vary by state Employment opportunities Growth in aging population resulting in growth of these types of positions

15 Occupational Therapist
Helps injured or ill individuals reach their maximum level of independence by emphasizing the acquisition and retention of functional skills Education and credentials National Board for Certification in Occupational Therapy, Inc. State licensure OT: master’s degree (as of 2007) COTA (certified occupational therapy assistants) two-year degree program (continued) Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

16 Occupational Therapist (continued)
Employment opportunities Growth related to increased services being provided to children and middle-aged individuals at greater risk for cardiovascular disease and illness

17 Physical Therapy Specialty Certifications
Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

18 Physical Therapist Provides rehabilitative care to a diverse patient population with a wide range of injuries, illnesses, and diseases Education and credentials Physical therapist (plans, directs, implements patient care) Accredited master’s degree program (doctorate of PT required by 2020) State licensure Physical therapist assistant Delivers care under direction of PT Accredited two-year program (continued) Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

19 Physical Therapist (continued)
Employment settings Geriatric care Pediatric care Sport physical therapy Employment opportunities Increased survival rates of accident victims along with increased support from employers indicates growth in job opportunities. Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

20 Therapeutic Recreation Specialist
Treats people with physical, cognitive, emotional, or behavioral disabilities to restore function and reduce or eliminate the effects of disability and develop independence. Recreation therapists utilize leisure activities to restore function. (continued) Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

21 Therapeutic Recreation Specialist (continued)
Education and credentials Bachelor's degree in therapeutic recreation Internship under a certified recreation specialist National certification exam: Certified therapeutic recreation specialists (CTRS) are credentialed by the National Council for Therapeutic Recreation Certification (NCTRC) Employment opportunities Limited growth because of cuts in hospital settings Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

22 Strength and Conditioning Specialist
Maximizes physical performance, reduces the frequency of injury, and decreases the possibility of cardiovascular disease by designing programs for the specific needs of the individual (sport and activity specific) Education and credentials Bachelor’s degree in kinesiology preferred, required for some certifications Certifications recommended (such as National Strength and Conditioning Association Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist) Current CPR certification Employment opportunities Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

23 Careers in Therapeutic Exercise
Fulfill a societal need Assist in attaining desired levels of fitness (habilitation) Assist in regaining lost function (rehabilitation) Cover a wide range of populations Newborns to geriatrics Athletes to unskilled performers Chapter 14 - Hoffman (2005)

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