Presentation on theme: "JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD"— Presentation transcript:
1 JESUS CHRIST: GOD’S REVELATION TO THE WORLD CHAPTER 3SURVEYING THE BOOKSOF THE BIBLE
2 Best SellerThe Bible was first printed in 1454 The Bible is always at the top of any best-seller’s list
3 Familiar Sayings from the Bible “A HOUSE DIVIDED”“APPLE OF HIS EYE”“CAN A LEOPARD CHANGE HIS SPOTS”“OUT OF THE MOUTHS OF BABES”“HANDWRITING ON THE WALL”“LABOR OF LOVE”“BY THE SKIN OF MY TEETH”“EAT, DRINK, AND BE MERRY”
4 Formation of the Old Testament Before the actual writing took place, there was a period of oral traditions that came from the experiences the people had with God and with each other. Many historians believe the Chosen People began to preserve their stories during the reign of King Solomon (950 BC). Many editors were involved, resulting in many OT books being compilations.
5 The Old Testament Canon The Septuagint (a Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures) was common during Jesus’ day. Jewish scholars omitted the seven books written in Greek from the Septuagint.The Council of Trent accepted all the books in the Septuagint as part of the Old Testament canon. Protestant Reformers accepted the official list of Hebrew Scriptures accepted by rabbis in AD 90.
6 Survey of the Old Testament Books PentateuchThe Historical BooksMost scholars believe that four different oral traditions went into writing the foundational Pentateuch.GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyHow God remained faithful to the covenant; how the Israelites struggled to live by its termsJoshuaJudgesRuth1 and 2 Samuel1 and 2 Kings1 and 2 ChroniclesEzra and NehemiahTobit, Judith, and Esther1 and 2 Maccabees
7 Survey of the Old Testament Books The Wisdom BooksProphetic BooksHow God works in our everyday livesJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsWisdomSirachThe biblical prophets were a messengers from God.Worship the one, true GodAccept God’s love and mercyBe just, especially to the poorKnow that God will ultimately triumph
8 Classifying the Prophets MAJOR PROPHETS:IsaiahJeremiahEzekielDanielMINOR PROPHETS:HoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachi
9 The Writing of the New Testament Stage 1: 6 BC—AD 30/33Stage 2: AD 30—50Stage 3: AD 50—c. 120
10 Stage 1: The Historical Jesus Jesus lived a typical life of a Jewish boy Began his public ministry c. 28 AD Taught, healed, and proclaimed the coming of the Kingdom of God Crucified by Pontius Pilate c. 30 AD Rose from the dead three days after his crucifixion
11 Stage 2: Oral Tradition“Go out to the whole world; proclaim the gospel to all creation” KERYGMA—preaching to unbelievers DIDACHE—teaching, further catechesis LITURGY—worship of the Christians
12 Why Commit the Oral Tradition to writing? The end of the world was not coming as quickly as the early Christians at first thought it wouldDistortions to the Gospel were occurringMore instruction was needed
13 Stage 3: The New Testament Writings First written books of the New Testament were the letters of St. Paul The four Gospels, Acts, Catholic Epistles, and Revelation were probably written in the latter half of the 1st century
14 Survey of the New Testament The Sacred Tradition of the Church, administered by the Apostles and their successors, determined which books were to be included in the canon and which were not under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit.
15 Types of Writing in the New Testament GospelsActs of the ApostlesThe heart of the Scriptures!Mark (~60—75)Matthew (~80—90)Luke (~85)John (~80—110)Second part of the Gospel of Luke Acts tells the early history of the Church
16 Types of Writing in the New Testament Pauline LettersThe Letter to the HebrewsCirculated in his name; either written by Paul himself or a disciple of Paul1 and 2 ThessaloniansGalatiansPhilippians1 and 2 CorinthiansRomansPhilemonColossiansEphesiansTitus1 and 2 TimothyEmphasizes Christ’s superiority over all creation Perfect sacrifice of Death on the cross took away sin, fulfilling the promises of the Old Testament
17 Types of Writing in the New Testament Catholic EpistlesRevelationLetters intended “for all” (Catholic means “universal)James1 and 2 PeterJude1, 2 and 3 JohnThis highly symbolic work’s purpose was to encourage Christians who were undergoing persecution for their faith in Jesus Christ.