Presentation on theme: "Important Scriptural Terms Comunicación y Gerencia Click to add Text."— Presentation transcript:
Important Scriptural Terms Comunicación y Gerencia Click to add Text
Literalist: People who read and interpret Bible passages according to what the actual words and sayings mean in today's ordinary language. These people are sometimes known as fundamentalists, although that term has another meaning. Contextualist: People who read and interpret Bible passages according to the historical and social context that underlies the words and sayings. They also take into account that modern translation of ancient languages is an imperfect art. The Roman Catholics Church supports a contextualist understanding of Scriptures.
Covenant: A serious promise (strengthened by a binding oath) between two or more parties concerning future action or behaviour. God made an everlasting covenant with the people of Israel (also called the Hebrews or Jews) to be their God and they will be his special chosen people (as recoded in the Bible). Testament: A statement of belief and conviction that can be either a verbal agreement or a formalized legal document. When this term "testament" is used in the Bible, it must be taken to mean, "covenant."
Patriarch: The male leaders of the ancient Hebrew tribes or the head (father) of important families who appear in Genesis from Adam to Joseph (Jacob's favoured son). The three patriarchs are Abraham, his son Isaac, and Isaac's son Jacob (also named Israel). Gospel: (from the Old English word "god-spel" meaning "good news") the good news of salvation through Jesus Christ as the fulfillment of God's saving actions in the history of the world. Also the name of the four New Testament books about Jesus' life, death, resurrection, and words as recorded by the four Evangelist (good news writer) Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.
Christ: (from the Greek word "christos" meaning the anointed one, the king) A title given Jesus by his followers after his resurrection when the stories of Jesus were being translated into Greek for non-Hebrew Christians. Messiah: (the Hebrew word for God's anointed one, the expected saviour and king of the Jews) A title given to Jesus by his followers during his life. BC: (Before Christ) traditionally used to designate the historical time period before the birth of Jesus.
BCE: (Before the Common Era) A new politically correct term now being used to represent the time period before Jesus' birth. AD: (Anno Domini, Latin for year of the Lord) traditionally used to designate the historical time period after the birth of Jesus. CE: (Common Era) A new politically correct term now being used to represent the time period after Jesus' birth
It is important to note the difference between Apostle and Disciple in the New Testament. After the Ascension (when Jesus went bodily into heaven) the Apostles had a singular mission to spread the good news of Jesus, while the disciples went out in pairs with the specific charge of preparing for the coming of Christ. Resurrection: To be raised from the dead into a new glorified body and eternal life. Christians believe that only Jesus has experienced a true resurrection (others who were brought back to life in the Scriptures experienced something closer to what is known today as resuscitation and thus they eventually
died again). The basic truth from Scriptures is that each person will be resurrected, brought back to life (body, mind, and spirit), on the "last day" at the end of time (judgement day). Ascension: The going to heaven of Jesus in his risen and glorified body forty days after his resurrection. Jesus now exists in a real bodily form with God in heaven where he continues his work of redemption for our salvation and our eventual ascension to heaven.
Disciple: (from the Latin word "discipulus" meaning "student") In Jesus' time a disciple was any person who accepts the teachings of a master and assists the master in spreading them. During Jesus' life he had 70 to 72 disciples (men and women) who he instructed and entrusted to spread his teachings about God's love and the coming kingdom of God (both on earth and in heaven). Apostle: (from the Greek word "apostolos" meaning one who is sent off to complete a task or one who is commissioned as a representative; is related to the Hebrew term siliah which translates “one who is to complete the task or
acts in the place of the sender”. ) Generally speaking in the New Testament an apostle could be any one of Jesus' disciples, the men and women who went forth to spread Jesus' teaching (both those he commissioned during his life and those who joined his movement after his ascension). More specifically speaking in the Gospels the title Apostle refers to the first twelve, personally chosen disciples who became Jesus' immediate and close followers.