4 Using Text in ArcGIS Label Maps Annotate Maps Convert to Annotation Hardcopy MapsDigital MapsConvert toAnnotationLabelMaps
5 Adding Labels to Your Map The goal of any map is to communicate information in the clearest possible fashion. Adding labels is one way to accomplish this task, but simply placing labels anywhere on a map doesn't necessarily help people understand the information presented. For example, it may not be obvious which feature a label belongs to, labels for different features may overlap, and, in some situations, labels for some features may even be omitted.ArcMap provides multiple ways to control how and where labels display in relation to point, line, and polygon features. In this topic, you will learn advanced methods for modifying label properties and for creating and placing dynamic labels.
6 Dynamic Labelsare based on an attribute and display using ArcMap's default settings. If you want to change the appearance, placement, or visibility of the labels, you need to change the layer's label properties, which determine how the labels draw.Label properties you can set include:which features in the layer are labeledthe field, or fields, in the attribute table that will be used for labelingfont settings such as size, color, and styleplacement of labels relative to the featuresthe scale at which labels will be visible
7 Labeling a FeatureLabel features one at a timeLabel features that don’t exist in the databaseData view
11 Auto LabelingFeatures are labeled automatically based upon a user defined field
12 Manage visibility of labels in map Label ToolbarCentral location for labeling needsMoved labeling-related dialogs to toolbarLabel weightFeature weightOpen label class management dialogsManage visibility of labels in mapQuality placement for Maplex for ArcGIS
13 Label ManagerCentral location for label classesEasy access to common parameters
14 Positioning labels Points Lines Polygons Relative position to feature Preference priorityLinesPosition relative to lineFollow curve of lineOrient to page or linePolygonsBest position
15 Label PriorityArcMap uses label priority ranking to determine the order in which labels will be placed on the map. Labels with a higher priority will generally be placed first. Labels with lower priority that conflict with higher priority labels may be placed at alternate positions or dropped from the map.
16 Label & Feature Weights Setting label weights and feature weights establishes a ranking system for labels when there is a conflict with other labels or features on the map.The general rule with weights is that a feature cannot be overlapped by a label with an equal or lower weight.
17 Map ScaleSet a scale range for labels so that they don't display until the map scale reaches a larger scale.1:100,000,0001:20,000,000
18 Reference ScaleBy default, as you zoom in and out on a map, the size of labels does not change. The point size is maintained as you zoom so that labels appear to be the same size relative to your screen. If you want the label text to scale with the map, you can set a reference scale.Setting a reference scale fixes the size of the labels relative to the other features in the map at a specific scale. When you set a reference scale, the labels will remain at their current size in map units. After you set the reference scale, the text appears larger when you zoom in and smaller as you zoom out.
19 Set the Reference Scale The reference scale is a property of the data frame, so labels for all layers are set to the same reference scale.
20 Label ClassesEvery layer starts with a single label class named "Default", which is symbolized with default symbology. New label classes can be added to the layer. You select the features that you want to group together in each label class by building a Structured Query Language (SQL) expression.
21 Label Classes - Creating NOTE: If you convert layers with multiple label classes, each label class becomes an annotation class in the annotation feature class.
22 The Maplex ExtensionMaplex for ArcGIS is an automated high-quality cartographic text placement and labeling extension for ArcGIS Desktop. Maplex for ArcGIS greatly reduces map production time and enhances cartographic quality.
23 Better polygon placement styles Maplex for ArcGISBetter polygon placement stylesStraightBoundaryImproved user experience for stacking labelsJustification controlled by userNew dialog to set up label abbreviationsReduce font size to place more labels
24 Stacking Text With Maplex Dynamic stackingAutomatic stackingSpace, hyphen, commaAutomatic justificationLeft, right, centerControlled stackingUser-defined charactersForced stackingControlled justification
25 Stacking text without Maplex How do you stack text from two fields in ArcGIS?[Field1] + [Field2]Use Visual Basic code in expression.vbnewline (like using the Enter key)[Field1] & vbnewline & [Field2]Returns:Field1Field2
26 Stacking labels without Maplex for ArcGIS How do you stack text in one field?MyField = “Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde”Visual Basic code in expressionTopHalf = Left (MyField, (InStr (1, MyField, “&”)))BottomHalf = Right (MyField, ((Len (MyField)) – (InStr (1, MyField, “&”)))TopHalf + vbnewline + BottomHalf
27 Stacking labels with Maplex for ArcGIS No Visual Basic code in expressionComplete controlControl the justificationAdd new characterControl the line break
28 Abbreviations without Maplex for ArcGIS How do you abbreviate text?PolyVinyl Chloride = PVCDuctile Iron = DIUse Visual Basic code in expressionSelect Case statementSelect Case [Material]Case “PolyVinyl Chloride”FindLabel = “PVC”Case “Ductile Iron”FindLabel = “DI”End Select
29 Abbreviations with Maplex for ArcGIS No Visual Basic code in expressionSimple user interfaceStored in file or in databaseAdd keywordsAdd abbreviation string
34 Additional Maplex Placement Properties Reduce font size to place more labelsSteps down one interval and tries to place the label againSmallest font size allowedInterval used to reach smallest font size
35 $150.00! $2499.99? $999.99? 3 Easy Payments of $199.99? Maplex Cost What would you be willing to pay for this time saving, cost effective, magical tool?MAPLEX$ ?$999.99?3 Easy Payments of $199.99?$150.00!Bargain Price of
36 Converting Labels to Annotation After investing time to create labels, why would you want to move on to annotation? Unlike dynamic labels, with annotation you can:create unique text symbology to identify a specific featureposition the annotation exactly where you want itplace informational text, not associated with a feature, on your mapinclude graphicsedit an individual piece of annotation text or its symbologyshare annotation data without necessarily sharing a map document
38 Feature-Linked Annotation Annotation that is stored in the geodatabase with links to features through a geodatabase relationship class. Feature-linked annotation reflects the current state of features in the geodatabase: it is automatically updated when features are moved, edited, or deleted.NOTE:This feature is available only with an ArcEditor or ArcInfo License
39 Map Document Annotation Visibility of layers is controlled on a layer-by-layer basis in the ArcMap Table of Contents. Visibility of map document annotation is controlled by annotation groups in the properties for the data frame.
40 Editing AnnotationYou can modify annotation stored with the map document right where you see it, without starting an edit session. Any edits you make to this type of annotation apply only to the ArcMap document (.MXD) in which you made the changes.When you modify geodatabase annotation attributes, you must make those changes in an edit session. You edit a geodatabase annotation feature class just as you edit the feature class of a geometric feature.
41 Expose annotation properties as individual feature attributes Managing AnnotationExpose annotation properties as individual feature attributesSupports queries against text symbol informationAllows for bulk updates to symbol properties
42 Editing Annotation - Overview Tightly integrated with feature editing environmentCentralized location for finding tools to edit annotationImproved experience when working with unplaced annotationSupport editing of multiword annotationBetter leader line support
43 New Tools for Editing Annotation Better tools for constructing new annotation featuresNew Annotation toolbarOne-click editing toolsDetermine type of text constructionEnter text for next constructionUse predefined text symbolUnplaced annotation manager
45 Enter text for next construction Adding AnnotationEnter text for next constructionShortcut:Hold the cursor over the feature you want to label and press the “W” key on the keyboard and the text will be automatically filled in with the pre-determined label field.
47 Adding Annotation Classes Additional classes can be added to an annotation feature class to better organize your dataFrom ArcCatalog right-click on the annotation feature and click on “Properties”South Reefs
48 Editing Annotation Classes Annotation classes are edited exactly like all other annotation.