Injury Prevention: Street Safety Second leading cause of unintentional injury- related death for children 5-14 yrs old. In 2003, 599 pedestrian related deaths children 5- 14 2004, 38,400 children in E.R. for pedestrian Injuries Children only have 1/3 range of eyesight of an adult; so they simply can’t see cars coming. Children aren’t intellectually advanced enough to fully understand traffic laws and risks.
- Children until 10 shouldn’t cross street by themselves. - Make eye contact with drivers before crossing. - Walk on sidewalks. - If there aren’t sidewalks, walk facing traffic and as far left as possible. - Remember to look left, then right, then left again before crossing the street. Injury Prevention: Street Safety
Injury Prevention: Seatbelt If 90 percent of Americans buckle up, we will prevent more than 5,500 deaths and 132,000 injuries annually Six out of ten children who died in passenger vehicle crashes were unbelted. (NHTSA, 2005) If you're wearing a seatbelt correctly: – The lap (lower) part of the belt should be sitting low and tight across the upper part of your hips. It should never go across the upper half of your belly. – The shoulder part of the seatbelt should fit snugly across your chest and shoulder, not under your arm or across your neck or face. 63% of people killed in car accidents are not wearing seat belts
Injury Prevention: Seatbelt Booster Seats: If you're a kid 8 years or under, you also need a booster seat Any kid who weighs between 40 pounds (18.1 kilograms) and 80 pounds (36.3 kilograms) should be in a booster seat. Kids should continue using the booster seat until they are 4 feet, 9 inches tall (1.4 meters) and weigh at least 80 pounds (36.3 kilograms). Get in the Back: Kids 12 years old and younger need to be sitting in the back. If you are sitting in the back when IF an accident occurs, it will help prevent injury
Injury Prevention: Bike Safety - Each year 900 people die from injuries sustained in bicycle accidents and another 567,000 end up in hospital emergency rooms -- 350,000 of those are children under the age of 15. (EMSA.com 2011) - Typically a child's injury in a bike accident involves head injuries that can cause death or lifelong disabilities. (EMSA.com 2011) - More that 60% of childhood bicycle related fatalities occur on small neighborhood roads and streets. (EMSA.com 2011) - The typical bike crash occurs within a single mile of home. (EMSA.com 2011) - Most deaths and serious injuries due to bicycling involve head injuries.(Meeks 2011) - The most serious injuries occur when bikes collide with motor vehicles. (Meeks 2011)
Resources for Road Safety Glass, B. (2011). Some Statistics About Children and Street Crossing Saftey. Retrieved 4 8, 2011, from BenGlassLaw.com: http://www.vamedmal.com/library/is-your- child-safe-crossing-the-street.cfm Service, M. C. (2007). Pedestrian Safety Statistics. Retrieved 4 9, 2011, from Safety in Our Neighborhood: http://www.montgomerycountymd.gov/cont ent/frs- safe/resources/parents/pedestrian.asp
Staying Safe in the Car and or Bus– Kids Health from Nemours (n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://kidshealth.org/kid/watch/out/car _safety.html Car-accidents.com(n.d.). Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://www.car- accidents.com/pages/seat_belts.html Advocates for Highway & Auto Safety Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://www.saferoads.org/issues/fs- stand.html Resources for Seat Belt Safety
- Bike Safety Statistics and Rules -- Emergency Medical Services Authority. (n.d.). Index -- Emergency Medical Services Authority. Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://www.emsaonline.com/mediacenter/articles/000 00054.html - Kids Traffic Safety Page. (n.d.). Safe New York. Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://www.nysgtsc.state.ny.us/kids.htm - Road Safety Advice For Children. (n.d.). Free Kids' Quizzes, Games & Children's Colouring Pages. Retrieved April 9, 2011, from http://www.free-for- kids.com/road-safety-for-children.shtml - L. Meeks, P. Heit, & R. Page. (2011). Comprehensive School Health Education: Totally Awesome Strategies for Teaching Health. (7th). New York: McGraw-Hill. Resources for Bike Safety