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Decent Work and a Fair Globalization : the role of ILO standards International Labour Standards Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Decent Work and a Fair Globalization : the role of ILO standards International Labour Standards Department."— Presentation transcript:

1 Decent Work and a Fair Globalization : the role of ILO standards International Labour Standards Department

2 Policy views on the role of the law in the global economy Private bargaining always leads to more efficient outcomes than statutory intervention Institutional legal framework necessary to produce efficient outcomes Institutional legal framework determines the distribution of costs and benefits among various stakeholders

3 World Commission on the Social Dimension of Globalisation Global markets need « governance », i.e., a set of institutions and rules that maintain their smooth and equitable functioning Avoid market « failures » (e.g., economic crises) Redress vast inequalities between and within countries Strengthen mechanisms for delivering social protection-manage change

4 All standards are related to the four pillars of Decent Work Out of 185 Conventions and 195 Recommendations, approximately 73 Conventions and 70 Recommendations are up-to-date Fundamental Conventions subject to ratification campaign as part of the essential institutional framework Take stock of the contribution that other standards can make to the promotion of Decent Work

5 Standards as tools for the promotion of DW... Statements of basic principles or objectives Legitimacy, credibility and persuasive moral force Outcome of a democratic, transparent and participatory process at the international level Approved by tripartite constituents Acquired experience and expertise

6 different contexts: Designing national policies and legislation/Setting up institutional framework Collective bargaining (including global framework agreements and regional collective agreements) Voluntary initiatives (e.g. CSR, ethical investment) Advocacy and social mobilisation

7 Employment promotion Employment Policy Convention, 1964 (No. 122) Human Resources Development Convention, 1975 (No. 142) Job Creation in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Recommendation, 1998 (No. 189) Promotion of Cooperatives Recommendation, 2002 (No. 193) Human Resources Development Recommendation (No. 195)

8 Social protection- conditions of work Hours of Work (Industry) Convention, 1919 (No. 1) Weekly Rest (Industry) Convention, 1921 (No. 14) Hours of Work (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1930 (No. 30) Protection of Wages Convention, 1949 (No. 95) Minimum Wage Fixing Convention, 1970 (No. 131)

9 Social protection - OSH Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 (No. 155) and Protocol of 2002 Safety and Health in Agriculture Convention, 2001 (No. 184) Hygiene (Commerce and Offices) Convention, 1964 (No. 120) Radiation Protection Convention, 1960 (No. 115) Asbestos Convention, 1986 (No. 162)

10 Social protection-social safety net Social Security (Minimum Standards) Convention, 1952 (No. 102) Employment Injury Benefits Convention, 1964 [Schedule I amended in 1980] (No. 121) Invalidity, Old-Age and Survivors’ Benefits Convention, 1967 (No. 128) Medical Care and Sickness Benefits Convention, 1969 (No. 130) Employment Promotion and Protection against Unemployment Convention, 1988 (No. 168) Migration for Employment Convention (Revised), 1949 (No. 97) Migrant Workers (Supplementary Provisions) Convention, 1975 (No. 143)

11 Social dialogue Tripartite Consultations Convention, (C144)

12 Relevant to the informal sector Home Work Convention, 1996 (No. 177) Rural Workers’ Organisations Convention, 1975 (No. 141) Plantations Convention, 1958 (No. 110)

13 Linked to the implementation of the fundamental Conventions Maternity Protection Convention, 2000 (No. 183) Workers with Family Responsibilities Convention, 1981 (No. 156) Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989 (No. 169) Workers’ Representatives Convention, 1971 (No. 135) Labour Inspection Convention, 1947 (No. 81) and Protocol of 1995 Labour Inspection (Agriculture) Convention, 1969 (No. 129)

14 Integrating standards in DW Emphasis on the essential message, or operational priorities, in each group of standards 20 families of standards Maritime Convention

15 20 families of standards freedom of association collective bargaining forced labour child labour equality of opportunity and treatment tripartite consultation labour administration labour inspection employment policy employment promotion vocational guidance and training employment security social policy wages working time occupational safety and health social security maternity protection migrant workers seafarers fishers dockworkers indigenous and tribal peoples other specific categories of workers

16 Integrating standards in DW Distil the core provisions, or basic principles, in each family of standards Use TC and advocacy to bridge the gap between current national capacities and the provisions of standards (beyond the fundamental ones)

17 Standards and TC: where do we stand? Set operational targets to serve as TC objectives and benchmarks for the evaluation of TC outcomes Standards country profiles giving snapshot of national situation can serve as a basis for consultations and the setting of national priorities (e.g. OSH country profiles) Respect-ratify-implement cycle Integration in DWCP

18 Standards and advocacy Build capacity of participants in social dialogue and participatory processes (including PRSPs) Need for empirical studies making the economic case for standards Need for examples of best practices

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