4 levels of consciousness: a)Normal status b)Drowsiness c)Semi – consciousness d)Coma
Protecting yourself as a first aider Essential to protect yourself from injury and infection a)Ensure surroundings are safe b)Protection from infection - to prevent “cross infection” ( transmitting germs to a casualty or contracting an infection yourself) - wear gloves or wash hands before doing a dressing.
Practice of first aid: 1)Assess the situation 2)Make area safe 3)Give emergency aid - initial assessment – Signs and symptoms - ABC 4) Get help from others if needed
Initial Assessment what? -Brief examination of casualty to perform checks before concluding How? - Observe signs and symptoms
Signs and symptoms Signs: Details of a casualty’s condition you may assess using your senses. Look, listen, feel, smell E.G Bleeding, Deformity, Strength or rhythm of pulse, breathing Symptoms: sensations that the casualty experiences E.G Is there pain? What type of pain? Nausea, giddiness, coldness
ABC A = Airway Open airway why? B = Breathing Check for breathing How?