All Team Members Committed to the program’s mission and goals Advocate for effective incentives and sanctions Knowledgeable of addiction, alcoholism and pharmacology. Knowledgeable of gender, age and cultural issues. Help develop protocols and procedures
All Team Members Aware of the impact of substance abuse /addiction Aware of the impact of mental health issues Ensure that gender, age and culturally specific treatment and ancillary services are reflected in all aspects of the program. Attend staffing and court hearings
All Team Members Knowledge of constitutional and legal issues Knowledge of their own ethics Respects the other team members ethics
Core Competencies Each team member has important roles and core responsibilities for the team and the Drug Court.
Judge – “The Leader” Research says: Spends 3 minutes or greater with each client Volunteer for drug court assignment Term is longer than 2 years
Coordinates collaborative efforts with key stakeholders Advocate and educate the community to generate interest and support
Procedural Fairness Knowledgeable of client’s case Know them by name Encourage them to succeed Emphasize treatment Not intimidating Approachable Let them tell their story Treat them fairly and with respect Impartial – do not prejudge
Judge – “The Leader” Ensures court is constitutionally and statutorily compliant Recognize ethical obligations of the other team members Responsible for compliance with HIPAA and 42 CFR part 2 including a designation of a Confidentiality Compliance Officer
Judge – “The Leader” Supervises client progress through the drug court continuum based on weekly court hearings, team input and client behavior. Leads the team in decision-making; holds the participant accountable for their progress by use of incentives and sanctions.
Develops a working relationship with the offender, monitors offender progress, and addresses personal and ancillary issues without losing the aura of judicial authority. BALANCING ACT
Coordinator – “The Juggler” Records distribution of incentives and sanctions or lack thereof Allocate and acquisition of resources Develop MOUs, MOAs, and RFPs
Coordinator – “The Juggler” Research shows: Works with 2 or less treatment providers Offers parenting classes Offers family/domestic relations counseling Offers anger management classes
Coordinator – “The Juggler” Creates and/or maintain a database system Oversees the evaluation process
Coordinator – “The Juggler” Research shows: Review data and/or regular reporting of program statistics to make program modifications
Coordinator – “The Juggler” Develop on-going team building activities and conduct staff replacement training.
Coordinator – “The Juggler” Responsible for the operation and appropriate and timely completion of proposed substance abuse court program activities. Facilitates case flow, activities of participating agencies, monitors the meeting of goals, objectives, and timelines; provides monitoring and contractual service quality assurance; writes grants.
Prosecutor – “Gatekeeper” Operates in a non- adversarial manner, promoting a unified team response. Ensures community safety concerns by maintaining eligibility standards while focusing on therapeutic program outcomes. Protects defendants due process rights
Prosecutor – “Gatekeeper” Gatekeeper/screener for access to drug court. Represents ongoing public safety perspective in the team decision making process.
Prosecutor – “Gatekeeper” Contributes to team’s efforts in community education and local resource acquisition Contributes to educating peers, colleagues and judiciary on efficacy of Drug Courts
Prosecutor – “Gatekeeper” Research shows: Allows nondrug charges Time between arrest and program entry is 50 days or less
Prosecutor – “Gatekeeper” Gatekeeper/screener for access to treatment through the substance abuse court. Attends all staffing and judicial supervision hearings, represents ongoing public safety perspective in the team decision making process.
Defense Attorney Ensures that the offenders legal rights are protected. Participates as team member, operating in a non-adversarial manner, promoting a unified team response.
Defense Attorney Protects participants due process rights. Acts as both counselor and attorney at law
Defense Attorney Research shows: 93% greater cost savings if attended staffings.
Defense Attorney Contributes to team’s efforts in community education and local resource acquisition Contributes to educating peers, colleagues and judiciary on efficacy of Drug Courts
Defense Attorney Advocate for client’s access to and continued participation in the drug court; assists in screening; assures confidentiality requirements are met. Ensure clients rights and program requirements are explained. Attends all staffing and judicial supervision hearings, ensures participants due process rights.
Treatment Liaison Ensures participant receives the appropriate level of care, at a reasonable cost. Develop aftercare program, alumni associations and mentoring programs.
Treatment Liaison Ensures clients are evaluated in a timely and competent process and the placement and transportation are effectuated in an expedited manner. Provides treatment progress reporting with sufficient and timely information to implement incentives and sanctions.
Treatment Liaison Research shows: Treatment communicates via e-mail with court had 119% greater reduction in recidivism. Provides guidelines on the frequency of individual treatment sessions that a participant receives
Treatment Liaison Research shows: Participants are expected to have greater than 90 days clean before graduation had 164% greater reduction in recidivism Treatment attended staffings had 105% greater reductions in recidivism
Treatment Liaison Research shows: Programs with treatment attendance at court had 100% greater reductions in cost. Programs with treatment attendance at staffing had 105% greater reduction in recidivism.
Treatment Liaison Research shows: Offers gender specific services Offers mental health treatment Offers residential treatment
Treatment Liaison Screens all felony offenders at first appearance using validated screening instruments, and refers cases to team for consideration. Conducts appropriate normed and validated chemical health assessments and facilitates rapid entry into treatment. Organizes and presents progress/adjustment information at staffing. Attends all staffings and provides input on various and appropriate modalities of treatment.
Treatment Liaison - MH Provide screening/assessment/diagnosis/case planning and community referrals for co-occurring disordered participants. Attends all staffing and court sessions. Represents ongoing public safety perspective in the team decision making process.
Probation Provides coordinated and comprehensive supervision to minimize participant manipulation and splitting of program staff. Develop post program services, client outreach, mentor programs and alumni associations.
Probation Conducts home visits and drug tests. Develops effective measure for drug testing and supervision. Provides team with sufficient and timely information to implement incentives and sanctions.
Probation – Case Manager Research shows: For better outcomes, Drug test results should be back in two days or less. In 1 st Phase, drug tests are collected at least two times per week In order to graduate, participants must have a job or be in school.
Probation – Case Manager Research shows: In order to graduate, participants must have a sober living environment. In order to graduate, participants must have 90 days or more clean time. In order to graduate participants must have paid all court-ordered fines and fees (e.g., fines, restitution)
Probation – Case Manager Research shows: For better outcomes programs should: Offers health care Offers dental care
Probation – Case Manager Coordinates case management services such as health, mental health, housing, transportation, etc.
Probation – Case Manager Identifies and screens eligible probation violation cases and refers the cases to the team for admission consideration. Provides case management services within the program. Provides individual, intensive supervision and a broad range of rehabilitative and case management services within the substance abuse court continuum. Represents ongoing public safety perspective in the team decision making process. Organizes and presents progress/adjustment information at staffing. Facilitates cognitive behavioral groups.
Law Enforcement/Probation Assists in identification of potential drug court participants. Processes and serves warrants. Conducts home visits and trains peers to enhance supervision of participants. Joint function with Probation.
Law Enforcement Research shows: 88% greater reduction in recidivism for teams with law enforcement on the team (field services) 64% greater cost savings for teams where a law enforcement representative attends court sessions.
Law Enforcement Each division may utilize the law enforcement liaison officers in a slightly different manner, but basically, the role of the law enforcement is as follows: Conducts home visits or environmental checks; Conduct periodic surprise “sweeps”/home visits of participants’ homes; Attend and participates at weekly team meetings and drug court sessions;
TEAM TRAINING Research shows: For better outcomes: Given copy of guidelines for incentives/sanctions. All new hires to the team complete a formal training or orientation.
COMPETENT TEAM EFFECTIVE DRUG COURT BEHAVIORIAL CHANGE MEET GOALS AND OBJECTIVES PERSONAL SATISFACTION