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© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-1 Law A body of regulations that govern society and that people are obligated to observe Sources of law –Legislative branch – passes laws –Executive branch – implements laws –Judicial branch – interprets laws
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-2 Types of Law Common law – created by the judicial branch through court decisions Criminal law – dealing with criminal offenses and their punishments Private law – defines the relationship between private entities Public law – defines the relationship between government and the governed Case law – used as legal precedent
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. Types of Law Civil law – governs private rights and remedies, as well as disputes between individuals regarding contracts, property and family law; separate from criminal or public law 8-3
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-4 The Legal System Defendant – the accused in court Plaintiff – the person who files a lawsuit Litigant – a party to a lawsuit Litigation – a lawsuit or a contest in court Jurisdiction – power, right, and authority given to a court to hear a case and make a judgment Layperson – an individual without training in a specific profession
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-5 Violations of the Law Crime – an act that violates a criminal law Criminal – a person who has committed a crime or has been proven guilty of a crime Accessory – a person who contributes to or aids in the commission of a crime Felony – a serious crime punishable by death or imprisonment Misdemeanor – a crime that is less serious Tort – a civil wrong committed against a person or property
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-6 Violations of the Law Intentional torts –Assault –Battery –Defamation of character –False imprisonment –Fraud –Invasion of privacy –Trespass –Infliction of emotional distress
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-7 Violations of the Law Burglary – the act of breaking and entering into a building with the intent to commit a felony, especially in order to steal Unintentional torts – acts that are not intended to cause harm but are committed without regard to the consequences Tortfeasor – a person who commits a tort either intentionally or unintentionally
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-8 The Court System
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-9 Court System Appeal – a legal proceeding by which a case is transferred from a lower court to a higher court for rehearing Motion – an application made to a court or judge to obtain an order, ruling, or direction Arbitration – a hearing and determination or a case without litigation
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-10 Court System Summons – a request to respond to charges Subpoena – an official paper ordering a person to appear in court Subpoena duces tecum – an official document ordering a person to appear in court with certain records Witness – a person who can testify under oath to events he/she has heard or observed
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-11 Court System Testimony – statements sworn to under oath Deposition – sworn pretrial testimony Perjury – voluntary violation of an oath to tell the truth Interrogatory – formal written questions about a case Credibility – the quality or power of a witness to inspire belief
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-12 Court System Disposition – the final settlement of a case Verdict – the finding or decision reached by a jury or judge Bench trial – a trial in which a judge serves without a jury and rules on the law
© 2015 McGraw-Hill Education. All rights reserved.. 8-13 Court System Assumption of risk – a legal defense that holds the defendant not guilty of a negligent act because the plaintiff knew of and accepted beforehand any risk involved Burden of proof – presenting testimony to prove guilt or innocence Plaintiff – the person bringing charges in a lawsuit Statute of limitations – period of time established by a state law during which a lawsuit may be filed
Chapter 4: Enforcing the Law 4 How Can Disputes Be Resolved Privately?
© 2007 Prentice Hall, Business Law, sixth edition, Henry R. Cheeseman Chapter 3 Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution Chapter 3 Litigation and.
Alternative, Judicial, and E-Dispute Resolution
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P A R T P A R T Foundations of American Law The Nature of Law The Resolution of Private Disputes Business and The Constitution Business Ethics, Corporate.
The Judicial Branch. Court Systems & Jurisdictions.
Albrecht, Albrecht, Albrecht, Zimbelman © 2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part, except.
Courtroom Terms / Justice System
Guided notes provided Chapter 16 Sections 1 & 2. Courtrooms job is to provide a place for the plaintiff and defendant to resolve their differences.
GEORGIA’S JUDICIAL BRANCH SS8CG4 VOCABULARY. CIVIL LAW Involves disputes between individuals or groups of people. Typically, one group is seeking money.
By : Lillie Gray 1 st period Business Law Exam. Crime- an offense against the public at large, which is therefore punishable by the government. Tort-
Component 1: Introduction to Health Care and Public Health in the US Unit 6: Regulating Health Care Lecture b: Law.
Categories of law Civil-private wrong Criminal-public wrong.
3.1 Chapter 3 Crimes and Torts © 2003 by West Legal Studies in Business/A Division of Thomson Learning.
The Judicial Branch of Georgia’s Government
Civil and Criminal Law An Introduction. Types of Civil Law Contracts: Voluntary promises between parties who agree to do something Property Law: Deals.
Chapter 4 Alternative, Judicial, and E- Dispute Resolution.
Chapter 15 & 16 The American Legal System. Which of the following amendments protect the accused’s rights? 1. 3, 4, 5, , 5, 6, , 5, 6, 8 4.
Chapter 16 Sections Objectives: 4.05, 4.09, 6.02, 6.07, 6.08.
Criminal and Civil Law. Civil Law Dispute between: Dispute between: two or more individuals two or more individuals individuals and the government individuals.
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