Presentation on theme: "Reflection through Speeches Materials: ISN Highlighter."— Presentation transcript:
Reflection through Speeches Materials: ISN Highlighter
Student Objective 0 Students will interpret and evaluate the techniques used in media and speeches to influence the message and the audience.
What is a speech? Why do people give speeches? Authors communicate ideas and feelings about their own lives and the worlds around them in order to connect with others and to clarify their own thinking. Authors use literary techniques in order to heighten interest, appeal to an audience, and effectively communicate a message.
How do authors create effective speeches? 0 Authors use literary techniques in order to heighten interest, appeal to an audience, and effectively communicate a message.
What techniques are used and Why? 0 Diction – word choice Authors use words that have feelings attached to them to make their attitude towards the subject clear to the reader. more than once in a short passage--dwelling on a point. 0 Imagery – description using figurative language (ex. simile's /metaphors) and sensory details 0 Sensory Detail- sight, sound, taste, touch, hear
Repetition 0 Repetition- An instance of using a word, phrase, or clause I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed. I have a dream that one day the red hills of Georgia… I have a dam that one day the state of Mississippi
Persuasive Appeals 0 The goal of argumentative writing is to persuade your audience that your ideas are valid, or more valid than someone else's. The Greek philosopher Aristotle divided the means of persuasion, appeals, into three categories--Ethos, Pathos, Logos.
Logos- Logical Appeal 0 Logos (Greek for word) is the appeal towards logical reason, thus the speaker wants to present an argument that appears to be sound to the audience. Aristotle stated that an argument should prove something or at least it should appear to prove something. 0 Ex: 0 Facts as evidence 0 Research 0 Tradition 0 Cause and effect 0 Effective metaphors
Ethos- Ethical 0 Ethos: (Greek for 'character') refers to the trustworthiness or credibility of the writer or speaker
Pathos- Emotional 0 Pathos(Greek for 'suffering' or 'experience') is often associated with emotional appeal. But a better equivalent might be 'appeal to the audience's sympathies and imagination.' An appeal to pathos causes an audience not just to respond emotionally but to identify with the writer's point of view--to feel what the writer feels
Techniques 0 Non Literal Meaning – words or phrases that do not following basic meaning. 0 Hyperbole- ______________. 0 Irony-__________________. 0 Oxymoron- ________________.
Techniques 0 Aphorism- statement expressing an opinion or a general truth 0 Example- "Life is what happens while you're making other plans" John Lennon
Epigraph 0 Epigraph- a quotation used to open a work of literature or a part of a work. Some sources are folk literature, the Bible, aphorisms, fiction, and letters. 0 Oprah Winfrey- Commencement speech at Howard University, 2007 WINFREY: President Swygert, trustees, distinguished guests, my fellow honorees, my she-ro, Dr. Dorothy Height, graduates, parents, friends, what a deep honor to be here today for me. I think Dr. Gates said it best. You can receive a lot of awards in your life, but there is nothing better... There is nothing better than to be honored by your own.
Allusion 0 Figure of explication using a brief or casual reference to a famous person, historical event, place, or work of art. Sources include history, myth, and the Bible. 0 Example: "And I can pledge our nation to a goal: When we see that wounded traveler on the road to Jericho, we will not pass to the other side." -- George W. Bush, 2000 Inaugural Address2000 Inaugural Address
Key Understanding 0 Authors use literary techniques in order to heighten interest, appeal to an audience, and effectively communicate a message.
Authors also use poetic techniques 0 Rhyme 0 Alliteration 0 Onomatopoeia 0 Refrain 0 Idiom
Connection and Clarification 0 Authors use Ideas and Feelings about their own lives and the world around them in order to connect with others and to clarify their own thinking
Ready, Set, Action 0 Students are going to watch a media clip of a speech. 0 Think about the information you are learning from the speech and how that information is helping you form and opinion about the issues/topic.
Ask yourself? 0 What information did I lean about the issue/topic? 0 Did the information affect my opinion of the issue/topic? 0 What was the message of the speech? 0 What visual and sound techniques we used in the speech that influenced the message. 0 How did those techniques create a particular point of view and how does that impact an audience?