2 Setting: Time: late 1800’s; 10 years Place: Paris, France P.D.: Poverty of their home vs. grandeur of her dreams.The Party
3 Plot: Madame Loisel is unhappy about her station in life In order to appease her, Monsieur Loisel gets her invited to a partyShe is the belle of the ball and enjoys being soHer sorrows return when she loses the necklace she has borrowedShe and her husband buy a replacement and work 10 years to pay back the debtMadame Loisel has aged before her time. She encounters Madame Forestier who tells her the necklace she borrowed was a fake.
4 Characterization: Mathilde Loisel Monsieur Loisel Madame Forestier Attractive, no chance at reaching a high social statusAnguished for the good lifeLonged for jewels, beautiful clothes; felt sorrow, regret and despair over what she didn’t haveAfter the necklace is lost, she comes to know the awful life of the poverty stricken = lower classAges hard in 10 yearsMonsieur LoiselMathilde’s husband – enjoys life; comfortable with his statusSacrifices his pleasure for that of his wife’sDoesn’t enjoy the party as his wife doesLoss of the necklace ages him five years, he says they must replace itBorrows and comprimises his career working two jobs in a 10 year periodMadame ForestierLends necklace to MathildeThe necklace is lost and replacedShe tells mathilde that the necklace was a fake
5 Conflict and Resolution: Man vs. AFThe Loisels vs. FateMathilde never becomes high class but it subjected to poverty to pay a debt. Monsieur Loisel tries to make his wife happy, but finds himself paying an unnecessary debt due to the choices he makes
6 Theme: Always tell the truth Appreciate all you have “How strange and fickle life is. How little it takes to break you!”Things are not always what they seem
7 Literary Elements & Techniques Point of View – 3rd person omnicientIronyThe borrowed necklace is fakeThe invitation makes Mdm. Loisel upsetThe new dress costs 400 francs and so would M.’s new gun