2 Today Introductions Syllabus Textbook E-mail What is Psychology of the Lifespan?
3 Learning Goals for Today Understand guidelines and schedule of the course.Describe the Lifespan Perspective of development.Understand how different historical ideas about development affected children.Describe the 3 basic key developmental issues.
4 “Why do people turn out the way that they do?” Lifespan DevelopmentPattern of change that begins at conceptions and continues through the life cycle.The BIG question:“Why do people turn out the way that they do?”
5 Jo the NannyNick NolteParis Hiltonold Japanese manAndre 3000Meth addict
6 Do you believe that development is influenced by: environmentbiologyboth
7 Historical Perspective Child DevelopmentMiddle ages…original sin viewEnd of the 17th Century….tabula rasa view (John Locke)18th Century…innate goodness view (Rousseau)
8 So What? Implications of each of these views on parenting? Bad child Blank tabletInnate goodness
9 ImplicationsOriginal sin, born bad…salvation, remove sin from the child’s lifeTabula rasa….childhood experiences are important in determining adult characteristics…parents teach, spend timeInnate goodness….children should be permitted to grow naturally with little parental monitoring or constraintSpeculate about what students think our perspective is today.
10 Today Childhood lays the foundation for the adult years Distinct periods…shared characteristics (e.g., we all walked at about 1 year)
11 Contemporary Concerns Health and well-being (e.g., exercise, loneliness)ParentingEducationSociocultural Contexts; context, culture, ethnicity and genderPolitical Policies…will they be good for our children?
12 3 Key Developmental Issues Nature v. NurtureGenetics vs. environmentContinuity v. DiscontinuityGradual changes or distinct stagesOne Course v. Many Possible CoursesOne size fits all or many options for dev’t?
13 The Lifespan Perspective Development is:LifelongMultidimensionalbiological cognitive socioemotionalMultidirectional (e.g., language)- maintenance and decline
14 The 3 Multidimensional Developmental Processes Biological….changes in individual physical natureCognitive…changes in individuals thoughts, intelligence, and languageSocioemotional ….changes in individual relationships with other people, changes in emotions, and changes in personality.
15 Development is also Contextual: Normative age-graded influences….biological and environmental influence of a particular age group (e.g., puberty, retirement)Normative history-graded influence…common to particular generation (e.g., Role of women, technology revolution)Non-normative life events…..major impacts that are unique to individuals (e.g., death of child, winning the lottery)
16 Healthy males experience puberty withn a certain age range Normative age-graded influenceNormative history-graded influenceNon-normative life event influence
17 Losing a parent in childhood Normative age-graded influenceNormative history-graded influenceNon-Normative life event influence
18 Challenger space shuttle explosion Normative age-graded influenceNormative history-graded influenceNon-normative life event influence
19 Periods of development Prenatal period: conception to birthInfancy: birth -2 yearsEarly childhood: 2 -6 years ( before school)Middle and late childhood: 6 -11Adolescent: /20Early Adulthood:Middle Adulthood: 40-65Late Adulthood: 65 –death (retirement phase)
20 Question:What do you think is the best age to be?Why?
21 Age is not related to happiness! Good NewsAge is not related to happiness!Different ways to conceptualize age:Chronological age….years since birthBiological age….biological healthPsychological age…adaptive capacitiesSocial age….social roles and expectations
22 Re-cap: Learning Goals for Today Understand guidelines and schedule of the course.Describe the Lifespan Perspective of development.Understand how different historical ideas about development affected children.Describe the 3 basic key developmental issues.