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**Evaluate expressions with grouping symbols**

EXAMPLE 2 Evaluate expressions with grouping symbols Evaluate the expression. a. 7(13 – 8) = 7(5) Subtract within parentheses. = 35 Multiply. b. 24 – (32 + 1) = 24 – (9 + 1) Evaluate power. = 24 – 10 Add within parentheses. = 14 Subtract. c. 2[30 – (8 + 13)] = 2[30 – 21] c. Add within parentheses. = 2[9] Subtract within brackets. = 18 Multiply.

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**Evaluate an algebraic expression**

EXAMPLE 3 Evaluate an algebraic expression Evaluate the expression when x = 4. 9x 3(x + 2) = 3(4 + 2) 9 4 Substitute 4 for x. 3 6 9 4 = Add within parentheses. 18 36 = Multiply. = 2 Divide.

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 2 and 3 Evaluate the expression. (3 + 9) = 48 6. 3(8 – 22) = 12 7. 2[( 9 + 3) ] = 6

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GUIDED PRACTICE for Examples 2 and 3 Evaluate the expression when y = 8. y2 – 3 8. = 61 12 – y – 1 9. = 3 10y + 1 y + 1 10. = 9

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