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Voter Behavior Chapter 6 section 4.

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Presentation on theme: "Voter Behavior Chapter 6 section 4."— Presentation transcript:

1 Voter Behavior Chapter 6 section 4

2 Non-Voting There are lower rates of voting in the off-year elections
Non-voting voters: voting for one office on the ballot but not all of them. Also called “ballot fatigue”

3 Why people do not vote Cannot-voters: not legally allowed to vote or cannot vote (aliens); ill or disabled; travelers; mentally unstable; incarcerated, religious prohibitions; racial bias Actual non-voters:could have voted but did not. Those that believe the system works fine and things will be great regardless of if they vote Those that scorn the system and do not trust the political process Those that have no sense of political efficacy

4 Other factors affecting voting
Cumbersome election procedures Bad weather “Time-zone fallout” Lack of interest (apathy)

5 Comparing voters and non-voters
Voters: higher levels of income, education, and occupational status, well integrated into community life, long-time residents who are active in their community, strong sense of party identification, believe voting is important. Non-voters: younger than 35, unmarried, unskilled, live in the South and in rural areas.

6 Sociological factors that impact voting (trends)
Income, occupation Higher income = Republican Education More education = more liberal (depending) Gender, age Women-Democrat; Men-Republican Younger- Democrat; Older- Republican

7 Factors that influence voters cont’d
Religion, Ethnic Background Protestants: Republican; Catholics/Jews: Democrat African Americans: Democrat Latinos: Democrat Geography Southerners: used to be Democrat now Republican Smaller cities and rural areas = Republican Family and Other Groups Family members typically vote in similar ways Married couples usually vote in similar ways

8 Psychological Factors
Party identification: the most significant predictor of how a person will vote

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